4. Bark! The fox runs across the wood, jumps over the rock and moves down the hill. 5. This page explains five basic structures in English sentences for teachers and beginning students. Here are a few: So, you can see that all of the clauses above are working sentences. b. Which type of sentence can have two or more independent and dependent clauses? Key: Yellow, bold = subject; green underline = verb, blue, italics = object, pink, regular font = prepositional phrase. The word “will teach” is a verb with a tense in the form of simple future tense. A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Subject and one Predicate or A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Finite Verb. Note that there is only one horizontal line. If I won the lottery is a dependent clause that can’t stand alone because it’s not a complete thought. The two patterns are the Basic and the Non-Basic Patterns. Examples of simple sentences: I ‘m happy. This page about sentence structure will focus on the differences between simple sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences and compound-complex sentences. For example: The fox really liked pancakes, he ate them every day for breakfast, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter. All rights reserved. In English, we have four main sentence structures: the simple sentence, the compound sentence, the complex sentence, and the compound-complex sentence. What? Only the mediocre are always at their best. (Compound noun) 3. 3. The two sentences above are examples of simple sentences because each sentence consists of only a pair of subjects and a verb. A little dog is swimming in the swimming pool now. Read the explanation below. We would like to go to Istanbul, Paris, or London on my next holiday. Sentence 1 is an example of a simple sentence. A great way to make a sentence more detailed is by adding dependent clauses (which couldn’t be sentences on their own). These kinds of sentences have only one independent clause, and they don't contain any subordinate clauses. 4.Cats hate water. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: 1. Examples: Go. A sentence’s “structure” is the way its words are arranged. Independent clauses are key parts of every sentence structure. A simple sentence is built from the minimum of a subject and a main verb. Here is a sentence diagram of a simple sentence. Here is an example: The girl smelled cookies, which were baking at home, so, she ran all the way there. Here some examples: 1. The verb in the sentence above is the word “is“. Verb = reveals. The word “swimming” in the sentence is not a verb, but a noun called gerund (a verb that changes into a noun). See a detailed discussion on the syntactic elements of the clause structure. Jeff and John are brothers. Learn subject complement example sentences, Sentence Structure in English Grammar, examples of objective … 9.I don’t wash the dishes. But the only obligatory element here is the predicator. A compound sentence has at least two independent clauses. The dog ran and he ate popcorn. 7.The course starts next Sunday. You must know how to correctly write these sentence types for IELTS as the examiner will be looking for them when they grade you for your 'grammatical range'. A simple sentence has only one subject and one predicate—one independent clause. It has a subject and a predicate; BUT, it can’t be a sentence. In the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses are purple, and conjunctions are orange. A conjunction is a word in a sentence that connects other words, phrases and clauses. You need to move swiftly and quietly. When you want to determine the correct verb for your simple sentence, look for a verb that changes the tense, for example: The main verb of the sentence above is “wants“. The complete predicate is the verb plus its objects, complements, and adverbial modifiers that tell what the complete subject does or is. Depending upon structure, these include: 1. Compound Verbs and Compound Subjects – Some sentences have a single subject and two or more verbs. Simple Sentence 2. 4. Thanks for reading! We hope this article helps you in understanding the structure of simple sentence. 5 Tips To Be A Successful Writer by Stephen King, COMPLETE GUIDE: 7 Powerful Steps to Write for Beginners, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). For instance, if a writer forgets to use conjunctions, a sentence seems like it “runs on” for too long. To begin, here is a simple chart that outlines the patterns of each type. Sentences are of three kinds according to their structure. When it comes to making sure your sentence is clear and complete, having the right sentence structure is very important. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Please follow the list about Structure of Simple Present Tense; The tenses simply show the time of an action. Conjunctions are important because they let us combine information, but still keep ideas separate so that they are easy to understand. Conjunctions are a big part of compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences. Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca (1969) observed, 'The hypotactic construction is the argumentative construction par excellence. The following example is an inversion of Example 12. Here are examples of each type of sentence: 1. I like trains. a. The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. The independent clauses give the main information, and the dependent clause(s) give the details. Arnold and Juan play cricket every evening. So, a fragment sentence is just a piece of a sentence: it is missing a subject, a predicate, or an independent clause. Sentence 2 is compound because "so" is considered a coordinating conjunction in English, and sentence 3 is complex. So, let’s complete them: Here, we completed the fragment sentences by adding independent clauses (underlined), which made them into complex sentences. Each uses a specific combination of independent and dependent clauses to help make sure that our sentences are strong, informational, and most importantly, that they make sense! SIMPLE PAST TENSE This post includes detailed expressions about simple past tense and its structures in english. There are four sentence structures in English: Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex. Here are examples of each type of sentence: All forms of sentence structures have clauses (independent, dependent, or both), and some also have conjunctions to help join two or more clauses or whole sentences. 2. Let us … b.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, so they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. Sentence 4 is compound-complex (also known as complex-compound). Examples of compound sentences: Jana wants cereal, but Paul wants pancakes. It provides extra details about the independent clause, and it doesn’t make sense on its own, like these: Each of the bullets above leaves an unanswered question. By pattern, we mean the way we arrange the English sentences; that is the patterns of their ordering. Here are some examples: As you can see, a compound sentence allows us to share a lot of information by combining two or more complete thoughts into one sentence. (Compound noun) 4. 8.She swims every morning. The word “to learn” or “to drive” is not a verb because they’re infinitives (there is a word “to” in front of “learn” and “drive“), also, they don’t change the tense. The conjunction “or” connects two or more things in a negative sentence. 6.My brother takes out the trash. So, you can see that we need a conjunction for the sentence to be clear! Because it has two pairs of subjects and verbs so the formula is: S V S V. Thus, the sentence above is an example of a compound sentence. Your email address will not be published. A common example of this type of structure is the if/then sentence. Simple Sentence Examples From Literature. The clothes are washed, the dishes are cleaned, and the dogs are walked. a.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, they liked going fishing, and searching for clovers. Review exercises of Sentence Patterns, Sentence Pattern grammar exercises with answer key. Your email address will not be published. I don't know how to bake, so I buy my bread already made. In the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses are purple, and conjunctions are orange. For example: 1. Bite! English Exampe Sentences, 50 examples of simple sentences 1.She doesn’t study German on Monday. The teacher is in the classroom. I like coffee. Example 5 is a sentence fragment. The structure or the composition of the simple sentence comprises the subject, the predicator, the complement and the adjunct. Example 15: The seeds were eaten by the bird. 2. c.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, and they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. A simple sentence contains only one independent clause. Object = that an active lifestyle can have a great impact for the good on the life expectancy of the average person.. The predicate part of the sentences begins with the verb. The subject can be a single word like “I” or “Robert,” or … As mentioned, there are four main types of sentence structures: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. Conjunctions in English have many forms, but the most commonly used are “and” and “or“. Independent clause: An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. 3. Simple Present Tense indicates an action which happens in the present, but it isn’t necessary for actions to happen right now. Example: They laughed and cried at the same time. And the others are also interrogative … Examples of simple sentences: Karen baked cookies for dessert. After the dog ran, he ate popcorn and he drank a big soda. The verbs in the Predicate parts are Finite verbs as they show tense. Examples of Simple Sentences. However, in this sentence, they are treated as a single unit. (Compound: two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction). Where? Sentence Structure. One can cause somebody to do something for him/her by asking, paying, requesting, or forcing the person. Please read the table below for more details. An independent clause has a subject and a predicate and makes sense on its own as a complete sentence. b. Examples of complex sentences: For example, “ If I won the lottery, then I would buy a new car” is a complex sentence. Notice that a “simple sentence” isn’t necessarily short. Here are some examples: Simple sentences don’t have many details and they don’t really combine multiple ideas—they are simple! Please read the table below for more details. Why? Jack and Jill went up a hill. Simple sentence structure can signify a clarity of thought, an acceptance of things the way they are, or a simplemindedness that focuses only on one specific fact 2. Instead of [a] simple juxtaposition of elements by way of simple and compound sentences, hypotactic structures rely more on complex sentences to establish relationships among elements. In fact, an independent clause itself is a simple sentence. In Higher English revise language techniques such as figures of speech, sentence structure, tone and word choice, which are used to convey meaning. But that certainly doesnt mean its too simple for academic writing. The conjunction “and” connects two or more things in positive sentences. 3. In the example, “Jack and Jill went up the hill,” there are two subjects – Jack and Jill. Actually, simple sentence has a simple formula, which only consists of a subject (S) and a verb (V). Basic sentence structure in English grammar. Add a conjunction or conjunctions to make the following sentence clearer: The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. For instance, by itself, a dependent clause is just a fragment. I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me. A compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause—so, it uses conjunction(s) to combine two complete sentences and at least one incomplete sentence. An independent clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a complete thought. (Simple: one independent clause) She ate lunch, but she was still hungry. A simple sentence contains only one independent clause. 5.Every child likes an ice cream. Other sentences have a single verb and two or more subjects. Chris was hungry, so he made a sandwich. Fly. There are several reasons for using simple sentences. How? Here are examples of each: She ate lunch. The dog barked and bit. ), this is still a simple sentence as it follows the SVO structure: Subject = research. A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. There various ways a simple sentence can be constructed. Let us consider these two patterns closely… Let’s use a couple of the dependent clauses from above: As you can see, each leaves an unanswered question. Let's look at some examples! Complex sentence 4. It uses a conjunction like “and” to connect the ideas. In simple terms, a run-on sentence is a sentence that is too long. The dog barked and ran (Compound verb) 2. So, it needs to be combined with an independent clause to be a sentence. Announcement Text: Definition, Types, & Examples, Modality Definition and Examples in English, Imperative Sentence Exercises with Answers, Non Defining Relative Clauses Exercises with Answers, Adjectives and Adverbs Exercises with Answers, Zero, First, and Second Conditionals Exercises with Answers. Clause contains a subject and two or more dependent clauses give the details “ will teach ” is a in... Most commonly used are “ and ” to connect the ideas shall strive within me ''... Mall last night can see, the complement and the dog ran, he ate and... 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