It grows in all types of soil, but mostly in sandy soil and other well-drained soil types. [2], It was introduced in the 1930s into Arizona, United States, to provide grazing. Cenchrus ciliaris (Pennisetum ciliare) Field bindweed. & De Not Cenchrus glaucus C.R.Mudaliar & Sundararaj Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Flower colour; life form. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). Cenchrus ciliaris subsp. [9] The species has no common names … Garden or common morning glory. Cenchrus ciliariss grows in dry, warm parts. Ligule a ciliated membraneous rim. Kochia scoparia [3] In the Sonoran Desert it was introduced for erosion control. Page . Common names. & De Not. Description Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted, shrubby perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long. Leaves with ligule a ciliate rim; blade 2–8 mm wide, flat, scaberulous; sheath scaberulous to smooth. Other names by which this grass is known include dhaman grass, anjan grass, koluk katai and buffelgrass. Cenchrus ciliaris buffelgrass This plant and synonym italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Scientific name. Adding uncertainty to any accounts of Buffel grass is that the genera Cenchrus and Pennisetum are not easily distinguishable, and caution should be taken to ensure that records of the species are credible (Pers. ex Steud. Common Names Bloubuffelgras (afrikaans) Blue Buffalo Grass (english) Taxonomy. Common Name(s): buffelgrass [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Cenchrus ciliaris L. Images from the web. Acacia koa koa 47 Acacia koaia koai‘a 47 Acacia mangium mangium 47 Acalypha wilkensiana beefsteak 47 Ajuga reptans carpet bugle 47 Aleurites moluccana kukui, lama, lumbang, sakan, raguar, candlenut tree 47 Alpinia zerumbet shell ginger 47 Arachis glabrata forage peanut 48 Arachis pintoi cv. Cenchrus pubescens L. ex B.D. It is one of the most popular cultivated pastures, especially in the more arid parts, with many commercially available cultivars. Cenchrus ciliaris has become naturalised and often an invasive species in Australia, the southwestern United States, Hawaii, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Macaronesia. [8] In South Australia, it is a declared plant under the Natural Resources Management Act and weed management activities are guided by the South Australia Buffel Grass Strategic Plan (2012–17). pennisetiformis Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated ... Common names and synonyms. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). Chater. Gibbs Russell, G.E., Watson, L., Koekemoer, M., Smook, L., Barker, N.P., Anderson, H.M. & Dallwitz, M.J. 1990. ibrahimii Chrtek & Osb.-Kos. [6], Another problem of buffelgrass in the Sonoran Desert is that it intensifies wildfires such that saguaro cacti that normally survive wildfires can erupt into flames when growing in areas taken over by the grass. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. It is considered a good forage grass in Africa. ex Steud. The species epithet ciliaris is Latin and means like an eyelash, or short hairs, possibly alluding to the hairy bristles surrounding the spikelets. It can be found cultivated or naturalized in many places. 2000. Cenchrus ciliaris. pallens Fenzl ex Leeke 1907; Pennisetum distylum Gussone 1828.. Cenchrus ciliaris var. Ipomoea hederacea. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Seeds plants of southern Africa : families and genera. Common names: foxtail buffalo grass (Eng. Cenchrus ciliaris (buffel-grass or African foxtail grass; syn. Its flammability (injurious to neighbors) and quick regrowth allow it to compete successfully against almost all vegetation in the Sonoran Desert region. The species epithet " ciliaris " in Latin means ciliate or fringed, most likely referring to the bristly fruits of this species. [3][4], African foxtail grass is a perennial grass growing to 20 to 120 cm (10 to 50 in) tall. Aluoneswi Caroline MashauNational Herbarium (Pretoria)May 2010, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer, Autumn. Common Names buffelgrass, pasto buffel, zacate buffel Scientific name Cenchrus ciliaris Growth Form Graminoid (grass) Inflorescence Dense, cylindrical spikes of purplish bristles 0.75-5 inches long (0.25-0.5 inches wide). Grasses of southern Africa. It prefers light soils with a high phosphorus content. 1994. In Australia's Northern Territory, invasive buffel grass was implicated in making fire control more challenging following the extensive wild fires that destroyed ancient trees in oases such as Standley Chasm in February 2019. Malopo. Grannyvine. This species was originally named Cenchrus ciliaris by Carl Linnaeus in 1771, and this is still the current preferred name. pallens Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. In the Mexican part of the Sonoran Desert, it is still being planted and irrigated for livestock grazing. pallens (Fenzl ex Leeke) Maire & Weiller, Fl. ex Steud. * Other names by which this grass is known include dhaman grass, anjan grass and … There are no awns on the spikelets. Cenchrus rufescens Desf. In the garden it is best used as a lawn grass, which is common in India. Cenchrus rufescens Desf. Buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare, Cenchrus ciliaris), is the archenemy of the Sonoran Desert-- the invasive grass most likely to cause significant damage to the native ecosystem. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. It is often found along roadsides where it utilizes the additional runoff rainwater. This plant has a very low ignition threshold and can burn even during the peak growing season. 1976. Introduced to Australia and other hot, drier areas of the world where it has been imported as cultivated pasture. Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Collins, Harare [Salisbury]. Cenchrus ciliaris is native to Africa, Arabia, the Middle-East and India.It was introduced to Australia in the late 19 th century and is now widespread throughout tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas. The introduction was largely unsuccessful but the grass began to appear as a weed beside highways and in cleared fields or over-grazed land. Jacks. Common Name Reference: The Plant List Scientific Name … Buffelgrass is native to Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Cenchrus melanostachyus A.Camus; Cenchrus mutabilis Wight ex Hook.f. Subject: Cenchrus ciliaris L. Synonyms and Other Names. Common in hot dry areas, especially on sandy soils where it is often ruderal (grows in waste places), and also often on termitaria, on all types of soil. The flowers are produced in a panicle 2 to 14 cm (0.8 to 5.5 in) long and 1 to 2.6 cm (0.4 to 1.0 in) wide. Cenchrus ciliaris var. It is also sown in Queensland, Australia and elsewhere for grazing, hay and silage. Cenchrus anjana Ham. Family POACEAE Genus Cenchrus Species ciliaris SA Plant Number Basionym Cenchrus ciliaris. Buffelgrass. Although it is sometimes referred to as Pennisetum ciliare, Chemisquy et al. It is adapted to fairly heavy grazing and a wide variety of conditions. The genus name " Cenchrus " is derived from the Greek kegchros, meaning millet. Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Cenchrus ciliaris (buffel-grass[1] or African foxtail grass; syn. Foxtail buffalo grass can endure trampling. The inflorescence is a bristly 'spike' (like a cat's tail) and is nearly always purple to straw-coloured. Cenchrus anjania Buch.-Ham. The inflorescence is a bristly 'spike' (like a cat's tail) and is nearly always purple to straw-coloured. Cenchrus ciliaris (buffelgrass or African foxtail grass; syn. Click here to register. This grass has just recently changed name and been transferred to another genus! [2] Other names by which this grass is known include dhaman grass, anjan grass, koluk katai and buffelgrass. Afrique N. 1: 342. Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. Flowering: August to April. Cenchrus is derived from the Greek word kegchros which means a kind of millet. African foxtail grass, buffelgrass, darab, sabat. Cenchrus glaucus C.R.Mudaliar & Sundararaj; Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. Cenchrus ciliaris var. Rich. Cenchrus aequiglumis Chiov. Cenchrus ciliaris Taxonomy ID: 35872 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid35872) current name A variable species, with many cultivars available e.g. However, as it is a palatable, drought-resistant perennial it is cultivated for pasture for livestock; so, in effect, conservation is practised, but indirectly. Common names African foxtail grass in language. & Crook, A.O. Botanical Name : Cenchrus ciliaris L. Cenchrus comes from a Greek word kenchros means a kind of millet.. Synonyms : Pennisetum ciliare Link., Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. Ipomoea tricolor. Spreng. Spikelet 4-5 x 3 mm; lower glume (the bracts at the base of the spikelet) 1-nerved or nerveless and upper glume 1-3-nerved, minutely awned; lower lemma usually 5-nerved, minutely awned; upper lemma similar to lower lemma (encloses grass flower), slightly thicker in texture; anther 1.5-2.7 mm long. Taxon name on voucher: Cenchrus ciliaris L. Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island introduced invasive cultivated Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 357) Vouchers cited: DA 11844, DA 12579, DA 3961, DA 7457, DA 3583, DA 9040 Naturalized. It is a deep-rooted grass, tolerates drought, and will grow at altitudes of up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). Grass, forms tussocks, deep-rooted to 1 m tall. Cenchrus ciliaris L. APNI* Synonyms: Pennisetum cenchroides Rich. The leaves are linear, 3 to 25 cm (1 to 10 in) long and 4 to 10 mm (0.16 to 0.39 in) wide. It is a hardy cultivated pasture with a deep root system (up to 2 m). Cenchrus ciliaris L. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (115) Accepted Names (10) References (61) ... Cenchrus L. Other names for this basionym: ... PAPGI, Peru Common Names: shui niu cao No References available zacate buffel (Spanish) Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. * Cenchrus ciliaris (buffel-grass or African foxtail grass; syn. Pennisetum rufescens (Desf.) Cenchrus melanostachyus A.Camus Homonyms Cenchrus ciliaris L. Cenchrus ciliaris Fig. Login to add your Comment Related Scientific Names: Cenchrus ciliare L. (Synonym) Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link (Synonym) Categories. It is easy to grow Cenchrus ciliaris, especially in lower rainfall areas on sandy soils. Ivy-leaf morning glory. [7], In Queensland, Australia, the grass has also been attributed to causing a decline in the native grass species fed on by the critically endangered northern hairy-nosed wombat, and cited as a factor in the wombats' decline. Common Name . Leaf blades 100-250 x 4-8 mm. Kochia. Chippindall, L.K.A. Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island Bishop … Cenchrus ciliaris is a palatable species with a high leaf production. Distinguishing features. Strelitzia 10. Pennisetum cenchroides Rich. Cenchrus ciliaris is a perennial, tufted grass. It occurs in the more arid parts of southern Africa and tropical Africa, the Mediterranean areas, and in Arabia to India. The SANBI Threatened Plants Programme has not yet indicated its conservation status. Pennisetum incomptumNees ex Steud. ex Pers. A tufted perennial grass, 60-100 cm high. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link Cenchrus glaucus C.R. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. 1983. It occurs in the more arid parts of southern Africa. Sorghum halepense. Inflorescence a spike-like raceme to 15 cm long, white to pale purple. Common name. Cenchrus ciliaris (L.) Link is the most commonly used synonym for Pennisetum ciliare. Mudaliar & Sundararaj Pennisetum cenchroides A. It spreads very quickly and will often kill local native plants such as palo verdes by taking away nearby water. APNI* Description: Perennial to 1 m high with a tough rootstock. (2010) found that the genera Pennisetum and Cenchrus are not clearly separable based on DNA and morphological traits. Full name: Cenchrus ciliaris L. Location: Kyffhäuser (2416AD + 2416CB) ID status: Fairly certain: Afrikaans common name(s): Blou buffelsgras, Bloubuffelgras, Buffelsgras: English common name(s): Foxtail buffalo grass, Blue buffalo grass, Buffalo grass, African foxtail: Synonym(s): Not registered yet? National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. villiferus Fig. Common Name : Anjan Dhaman Common Name Details : Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae) According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae.Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became … A cultivation guide). BASIONYM: Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, var. It is also known by its basionym Cenchrus ciliaris. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). Bristles mostly 5-10 mm long, outer bristles slender and scabrid, inner bristles slender and plumose. Pennisetum cenchroides Rich. 1990): a bristly false spike, 40-120 mm long, straw- or purple-coloured; all bristles are joined at base below spikelet cluster to form a small inconspicuous disc. [5], African foxtail grass is native to tropical Africa, the Mediterranean region and the hotter and drier parts of Asia. Cenchrus ciliaris L. Family Poaceae: Common name: Buffel Grass. Generally planted as pasture (Farming in South Africa leaflet 114. 58. ex Wall. Such names allude to the sharp, spine-covered burrs characterizing the inflorescences of the members of the genus. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus Cenchrus ciliaris is a perennial, tufted grass. Leistner, O.A. References. Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. The bristles are slender and wavy at the upper (distal) half. Buffel grass has been widely introduced in the dry tropics and subtropics as a pasture grass, for erosion control and revegetation of … Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa No. Common names include buffelgrasses, sandburs, and sand spur. Amarillo forage peanut 48 Leaves ex Wallich : Cenchrus echinoides Wight ex Steud. Quick facts. Grasses of southern Africa. Common name(s) Buffel Grass. The genus Cenchrus has 22 species, tropical and warm temperate; 1 species indigenous and 3 species naturalised in southern Africa; C. ciliaris is the only widespread species. Cenchrus ciliaris (Pennisetum ciliare), commonly known as buffel grass, is a perennial bunchgrass that forms thick mats. Johnsongrass. Comm. ); bloubuffelgras (Afr.). Van Oudtshoorn, F. 1999. Plants - Grass or Grasslike. Cenchrus bulbosus Fresen. Inflorescence (Gibbs Russell et al. (ed.). Name Language; African foxtail: English: buffalo grass: English: buffelgrass: English: cenchrus cilié: French: cenchrus de Rhodésie: French: zacate buffel: Spanish (HN) Common names: foxtail buffalo grass (Eng. Cenchrus ciliaris is a particularly aggressive grass, by virtue of its extensive root system competing with associated species for water and nutrients. Foxtail buffalo grass grows in dry, warm parts. [10][11], "Scientists believe invasive grass poses a threat in Bighorn Fire", "Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) as an invader and threat to biodiversity in arid environments: A review", https://www.alicespringsnews.com.au/2019/02/11/west-macs-blaze-questions-and-sorrow/, "The central Australian bushfires you didn't hear about: Country and communites under threat", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cenchrus_ciliaris&oldid=982588107, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:21. ); bloubuffelgras (Afr.) Fountain grass Pennisetum setaceum . It also appears to be allelopathic (suppression of other species by exudation of phytotoxic chemicals that inhibit germination and growth of other plants). All bristles are joined at the base below spikelet cluster. Guide to the grasses of southern Africa. Cenchrus ciliaris is wind-pollinated. Foxtail buffalo grass is difficult to establish in clay soil but, once established, it grows well. It grows in all types of … Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). Extract from Wikipedia article. Cenchrus ciliaris L. Accepted Name Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Cenchrus > Cenchrus ciliaris L. Ipomoea purpurea. 1952. It is easily established by seeding. Convolvulus arvensis. Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted perennial grass with a bristly false spike that is straw- or purple-coloured. The common name Buffel grass is widely accepted and generally refers to Cenchrus ciliaris or Pennisetum ciliare. Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel Grass or African Foxtail Grass; syn. Briza Publications, Pretoria. Other names by which this grass is widely Accepted and generally refers to Cenchrus ciliaris.! 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