DMPQ- . Causes of Revolt of 1857 3. Annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage. One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. So it has been commonly termed as `Sepoy Mutiny‘. On observing this historians thought that, up to this period there was no communal feelings among the masses. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. In this course, Pavan Choudhary will discuss the causes and consequences of the Revolt of 1857 in detail. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. Thus out of discontent the artisans and peasantry joined hands with the sepoys in the mutiny. The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. Marxist writers looked at this event as uprising of peasants against feudal system of exploitation. This video is highly rated by Humanities/Arts students and has been viewed 169 times. Exploitation of the Zamindars gave rise 10 landless laborers who became restless by and by. 9 mins . India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Religious causes 4. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company. Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. 1. On the other hand, some historians believe that it was more than just a sepoy mutiny as it had a large mass base. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. Causes And Consequences Of The War Of Independence 893 Words | 4 Pages. That ignited the fire. Discontinuation of the pension of the Peshwa Nana Sahib shocked the Marathas. The racial arrogance of the British created a difference between the rulers and the ruled. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Causes for Revolt of 1857- Political and Socio-Religious. Further the leaders of this revolt could not get the support of several native states like Holker, Scindia and Rajput sardars and kings. From then onward a Viceroy as a representative of British King ruled India. Out of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. It started as the uprising of the soldiers of the Bengal Presidency Army that aimed to expel the British rule from the territory of India. The sepoys had no improved arms with them. Consequences of Revolt of 1857. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. His commander Tantia Topi continued the fight up to April, 1859 A.D. and surrendered to the British force. The Revolt of 1857 had far-reaching consequences. The immediate cause of the revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle and the greased cartridge. Causes of Revolt of 1857 Published: November 1, 2016 The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes. Thus was a great disparity in salaries between the Indian and European soldiers. Satara, Jhansi, Sambalpur, Nagpur, etc. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. Revolt of 1857 India:causes, effects, history, in Indian History / One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. Cause for Revolt- Economic and Military causes. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. The British government came out with all the powers to suppress the revolt. The Revolt of 1857-1858 that happened in India is known also as the Mutiny of Sepoy in Britain and as the First War of Indian Independence among the Indian population. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. The Hindu and Muslim soldiers refused to cut the covers. The strong opposition to the social legislation especially coming from the orthodox elements in both the Hindu and the Muslim community put the British on the defensive. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Development of National Feeling: Dr. K. M Panikkar wrote that though the sepoys had limitations and weaknesses, but their efforts to make India free from British rule was patriotic work and a progressive step. Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. How Election commission can enforce it. In the Ajamgarh declaration a call was given to people of all classes of mass to unite against the British rule. • Dr S.N. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will be provided in English. The British realized that one of the main causes of the 1857 Revoltwas their active encouragement to social reforms like Abolition of Sati, Widow remarriage etc. The sepoys fought the battle with their limited strength for four months. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Farmers and artisans put further force behind the mutiny. But many historians are of opinion that the Great movement of 1857 A.D. cannot be termed as narrow, isolated and reactionary. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. Then, the sepoys had to retreat. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. In the important positions of the government no native people (Indian) was given any chance. Discuss the issues attached with it. 3M watch mins. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation on the peasants By introducing permanent settlement. They supported the British. In this class, Abhyudaya Kelkar will discussin detail various causes and consequences of the revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence through pictures and maps with an exam-oriented approach. CONSEQUENCES . Development of Education System in India during British Period, When was the French East India Company Formed, How did the British come to Rule in India, For How Many Years did the British Rule India, Great Revolt of 1857 (Causes, Nature, Importance, Outcome). They might have been intended to modernise India but, at the same time, irritated and alienated some conservative elements who lost property, prestige and power by these measures. The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Sepoy Mutiny may be studied in the following heads: Political cause: Major political cause for the outbreak of the Revolt was the policy of annexation followed by Dalhousie. Economic Causes of First War of Independence. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. The major causes of 1857 Revolt can be studied under the following heads − Economic Cause. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. Awakening of Peasants class: The peasants joined this revolt which was out and out against the British. In the Ajamgarh declaration a call was given to people of all classes of mass to unite against the British rule. There were several reasons behind the failure of this revolt. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Thus was a great disparity in salaries between the Indian and European soldiers. He also said that in some places few non-military persons came out in support of the sepoys but they were local landlords, talukdars and feudal leaders. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. This was unique. Out   of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. It was believed that the grease was made out of the fats of cows and pigs. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Revolt 1857 Causes Several causes as follows were responsible for the great rising: The fear of the native rulers that their states would be taken over by the English, the resentment of the people of the annexed states and the occasional disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah, the Mughal emperor by the English constituted the political causes. Karl Marx in his several essays described this revolt as nationalist fight for independence. But the planned revolt started at Meerut (May, 1857 A.D.). The racial arrogance of the British created a difference between the rulers and the ruled. Queen’s proclamation: The Queen’s Proclamation showered many promises in 1858 A.D. Government service was promised irrespective of cast, religion and on the basis of merit only. Nana Saheb lost the battle of Kanpur. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. There was no central organization of the sepoys. Savarkar, the great revolutionary, described this revolt as the first struggle for independence. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Karl Marx in his several essays described this revolt as nationalist fight for independence. Nana Saheb lost the battle of Kanpur. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. Home — Essay Samples — History — Revolt of 1857 — The Revolt Of 1857, Its Reasons And Consequences This essay has been submitted by a student. Some of these acts were taken as deliberate blow at the Hindu religion, custom and right of inheritance. This was … There was no unified action also. The nonconformists turned for organization to Delhi to get the favors of the Mughal Emperor and subsequently accommodate their exercises credibility. What were the Causes and Consequences of the War of Independence (1857) The Causes of the War. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. The chance of a win became remote. They could not match improved guns and ri­fles with their old model musket, spears and sword. Revolt of 1857 1. The revolt of 1857 had very narrow social and geographical basis that contributed to its collapse. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. But it was not simply a revolt of the sepoys. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. Not only the ruling house, but also the employees and other dependent families were deprived of their livings for the policy of Dalhousie. In comparison to the previous uprisings of the Indians, the Great Revolt of 1857 was of a greater dimension and it assumed almost an all-India character with participation of people from different sections of the society. Discuss the position of Right to property since independence. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. Causes and Consequences of The Revolt of 1857. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. 2. On the other hand, the British force had huge and improved armory. Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. In 1856, he captured Oudh on the plea of misrule. The chance of a win became remote. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. The war of 1857 was a great event that influenced the future course of history of sub- continent. As the revolt was started by the Indian sepoys in the British army, the revolt became known as Sepoy mutiny. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. By the end of 1859 A.D. the British power was reestablished in troubled areas. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. Direct cause: At that time, Enfield rifles were introduced in the army. What are the implications after its removal? It may be righty that they had no idea about national government, but nationalism was there. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. The second reason for this mass revolt was the unity among the Hindus and Muslims. Dr. Majumder thought that this was nothing but a revolt of the sepoy. On application of the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ or on the ground of mis-governance he annexed states after states deploring their rulers. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. DMPQ- What is model code of conduct? 11 mins. Then, the sepoys had to retreat. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. The British left no stone unturned to create an eternal wall between Hindus and Muslims. [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to TSPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any TSPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. The Revolt of 1857-1858 that happened in India is known also as the Mutiny of Sepoy in Britain and as the First War of Indian Independence among the Indian population. Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will also be provided in English. 10 mins. 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