The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. A general Greek league against Persia was formed in 481. It started in 500 BC, when a few Greek city-states on the coast of Asia Minor, who were under the control of the Persian Empire, revolted against the despotic rule of the Persian king Darius. In 500 BCE, the Persian Empire led by Darius the Great dominated Greece and everyone else with their size, wealth, and military might. After the failure of the first invasion, Darius began raising a huge new army with which he intended to subjugate Greece completely. Owing to a religious festival, the Spartans were detained, and the 10,000 Athenians had to face the Persians aided only by 1,000 men from Plataea. The Greeks decided to deploy a force of about 7,000 men at the narrow pass of Thermopylae and a force of 271 ships under Themistocles at Artemisium. The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in 490 and 480 BCE. The unprecedented size of his forces made their progress quite slow, giving the Greeks plenty of time to prepare their defense. The Greco-Persian Wars: The Greco-Persian Wars were a series of battles and two wars fought between the Greeks and the Persians. in mainland Greece often supported risings against Persian Persia had a huge empire and had every intention of adding Greece to it. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Greco-Persian-Wars, HistoryNet - Greco-Persian Wars: Xerxes’ Invasion, PBS LearningMedia - Building the Navy | The Greeks, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Persian Wars, Military Encyclopedia on the Web - Greco-Persian Wars, 499-448 BC, Persian Wars - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Persian Wars - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), ancient Greek civilization: The Persian Wars. 1. In the generation before 522, the Persian kings Cyrus II and Cambyses II extended their rule from the Indus River valley to the Aegean Sea. “He’s invading Persia to punish the Persians retroactively for daring to invade Greece in the first place.” ... Greece, and now Persia. of the Persian empire. What people led the Persians? the expedition at Marathon, and again in front of their city, so it The Greek historian Arrian (writing of and serving the Roman Empire) tells us that Alexander set out to conquer Persia as an act of revenge for past wrongs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. How might the Persian wars have ended if the Spartans had not slowed the Persians at Thermopylae? Persia invaded mainland Greece in 480 to incorporate it into its empire. Why did Persia invade Greece? The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. Write a paragraph to a friend explaining why the Athenian army did not go out to fight the Persians when they arrived. Answer: Show Answer. Following the two Persian invasions of Greece, and during the Greek counterattacks that commenced after the Battles of Plataea and Mycale, Athens enrolled all island and some mainland city-states into an alliance, called the Delian League, the purpose of which was to pursue conflict with the Persian Empire, prepare for future invasions, and organize a means of dividing the spoils of war. Why did Persia want to invade Greece in the Persian Wars? In 500 BCE, the Persian Empire led by Darius the Great dominated Greece and everyone else with their size, wealth, and military might. Shah Xerxes' queen was Amestris, whom some scholars identify, with the biblical Esther. _____ _____ _____ 15: You are an officer in the Athenian army. Command of the army was given to Sparta, that of the navy to Athens. 5 Answers. 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