Tree Identification - Eastern Red Cedar - Duration: 7:39. Unlike those of true firs, the cones of the Douglas fir hang downward. Also called red cedar, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, or aromatic cedar, this evergreen is indigenous to the entire state of Tennessee and was one of the earliest landscape trees used by early pioneers. … Pyramidal that widens out as it gets older. The Virginia pine is a newcomer to many Christmas tree lots, particularly in the South. Eastern Red Cedar - Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar is considered the traditional Southern Christmas Tree by many people who can still remember going out in the woods for one as a child. First of all, it is incredibly tough, growing just as well in zone 3, with winters of minus 30, as it does in Florida, with intense summer heat and humidity. Best cut later in the season. The eastern red cedar is is a sacred tree of the Native American Cherokee peoples. Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. January’s tree is the Eastern Red Cedar, also known as the cedar that’s not a cedar. Trained volunteers and science-based programs teach residents about the value of trees and how to plant and care for them. Juniperus virginiana, or Eastern redcedar, is a juniper rather than a true cedar.As Kansas' only native evergreen tree, it grows throughout the state. Unlike some species that must be pruned regularly to maintain the traditional cone shape, the Eastern red cedar comes by its pyramidal crown naturally. 1. Interested in growing eastern red cedars? Eastern Red Cedar. Do not trim an Eastern red cedar after July 15. Tolerant of dry, windy conditions once established. Leland Cypress. Planting: Eastern Red Cedar Trees are full sun lovers that require at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily.They also prefer moist soil, though they can tolerate dry conditions and most soil types. Eastern Red Cedar . T… Sunlight requirements: Full Sun (6 hours a day) Water needs: Weekly the first year to establish good root system. The eastern red cedar also has good drought tolerance. Its aroma is long-lasting and lingers through the entire holiday season. This variety was developed as a heat-tolerant alternative to the Scotch pine and has only recently been used as a Christmas tree. Its needles are a dark, shiny green color and sharp and prickly to the touch. We would go to Grandpa's south of Warsaw and cut one off his land. Filter by sub-region or select one of the tree types. But lucky for us, we can use it as a fast growing, luscious screen tree. The tree was once the primary wood used to make pencils but has been replaced with cheaper woods and synthetic materials. The trees that we called cedar were misnamed, but don't ever tell those who live in the mountains of southeast Kentucky. Eastern Redcedar. It's a common choice for cut-your-own farms. The Eastern white pine has been valued as a timber tree for centuries, and it is commonly sold in the mid-Atlantic states as a Christmas tree. The eastern redcedar is an ancient tree, dating to aboriginal America, where fossil evidence indicates it covered large portions of the continent. The Eastern Red Cedar is a dense pyramid shaped evergreen with medium green, scale-like, prickly needles, reddish brown bark and seasonal blue-green berry-like fruits, that attract birds. Eastern red cedar or Juniperus virginiana is not a true cedar. The needle retention is moderate, and its best when cut later in the season. The Fraser is a native southern fir and grows at elevations above 5,000 feet. The tree was named after David Douglas, who studied the tree in the 1800s. Removing these buds forces the red cedar tree to grow new ones. Depending on where you live, the kind of evergreen you'll find will vary. Eastern Red Cedar Christmas tree farms near you in Arkansas, AR. Some southeastern botanists make a distinction between Juniperus virginiana var. The white spruce is native to the northeastern U.S. and Canada, and one of the most common varieties sold as Christmas trees in that region. Natural History Branch of eastern redcedar Photo credit: Larry Korhnak, University of Florida. cedar Christmas tree - Duration: 17:10. The Scotch pine is one of the most popular Christmas tree species because it rarely sheds its needles and has excellent water retention when cut. We also have beautiful pre-cut Frasier Fir in sizes 2' - 12' brought in from the North Carolina mountains. January’s tree is the Eastern Red Cedar, also known as the cedar that’s not a cedar. Arthur Barlowe and Phillip Amadus were quoted as saying the trees were \"the tallest and reddest cedars in the world\" when they arrived at Roanoke Island in 1564. Growth Rate: Medium. It's also popular because it rarely sheds its needles indoors. This popular evergreen is found in the eastern United States, including right here in Charlotte. For numerous tribes, the red cedar tree symbolizes the tree of life and is burned in sweat lodges and in purification rites. Best in full sun with well-drained soil. Adaptable to high pH (alkaline) soils. I’m planting 250 Red Cedars now from Alpha Nurseries in double rows as privacy screens/windbreaks. Ahardy conifer, eastern redcedar is also a pioneer species, boldly repopulating cleared, eroded, or damaged land. As an ornamental hedge and popular Christmas tree, an Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) tree blight destroys the tree… The Eastern Red Cedar is the traditional Southern Christmas tree. However, balsams prefer cool climates and are native to the northeastern U.S. and Canada. This evergreen isn't a true cedar; it's a member of the juniper family. The Balsam fir was named for the balsam or resin found in blisters on its bark, which was used to treat wounds during the Civil War. The Douglas fir is another common variety of Christmas tree found throughout the central and northern U.S. The Balsam fir is a beautiful pyramidal tree with short, flat, long-lasting aromatic needles. This evergreen isn't a true cedar; it's a member of the juniper family. In Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas, the eastern red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana L.) has substantially reduced livestock production and profitability by 75% in the rangelands it invades. It was first used in reforestation efforts in the New World. Aunt Bett had told me many times of the legend of the cedar tree. Leaves, usually at the end of twigs, are minute, either scalelike or needlelike, olive green to yellowish green, turning bronze after the first frost and staying somewhat reddish through winter. Found primarily in the United States east of the Rockies, eastern red cedars are members of the Cypress family. The Balsam fir and the Fraser fir have many similar characteristics and some botanists consider them extensions of the same species. The tree is actually Juniperus virginiana, and its most common name is the eastern red cedar. Filter by sub-region or select one of the tree types. Eastern red cedar is a tough evergreen tree attaining a dense pyramidal or columnar shape. In some cases, the Eastern Red Cedar will never grow into a full tree … It makes an attractive Christmas tree with probably the most pleasing aroma of any tree. It's the one we used to go out in the woods to cut "back in the day". The Scotch pine is not native to America; its origins are European. In fact, there are dozens of evergreens native to the U.S. Can't decide which one you like best? These medium sized evergreen trees provide outstanding shelter for many birds and mammals during the winter and make for excellent color in the landscape during otherwise drab months. In some areas in the central US, this tree is almost seen as “weedy” because of how quickly and aggressively it can populate a landscape. This cedar juniper makes for a great yard tree due to its dense body that provides privacy, small berries that attract colorful birds, and impressive soil and pollution tolerance. silicicolasometimes called southern red cedarstating that there is considerable variability in the characteristics used to differentiate plant varieties. On the plus side, the tree's thick branches make it ideal for heavy ornaments. This diverts resources to keeping the tree alive through winter to creating new buds, which can weaken the tree and make it more vulnerable to a variety of pests, infections and frost damage. It's commonly sold as a Christmas tree in California, where it is a native species. The following article contains information about caring for an eastern red cedar tree and oth… Its foliage can be prickly to the touch. A few students, out of frustration, took a wild guess: a plastic plant, they thought. This will remove the buds that will form the following year's spring growth. The spruce was chosen in 1978 and planted as the official living White House Christmas tree and is the state tree of both Utah and Colorado. The Eastern red cedar is a popular Christmas tree in the southern U.S., where it is a native species. Needs full or partial sunlight, but full is preferred (at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day). Great smell but prickly. Eastern Red Cedar. It is not a "true" fir and has its own unique species classification. BARBARA MEDFORD , Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, UT Nov. 5, 2007 Updated: Aug. 10, 2011 5:41 a.m. Originally limited to rocky bluffs and other areas where fire couldn't reach them, eastern red-cedar tree populations expanded with the introduction of European land management practices to the United States. It matures to 40 to 50 feet tall and 8 to 20 feet wide. ... 17:10. Each bag contains a The eastern red cedar was the primary wood of the pencil industry in colonial times. Eastern red cedar is a small to medium-sized tree, aromatic, evergreen, with a dense, pyramidal (sometimes cylindrical) crown. It has an amazing scent. Dig a hole that is twice as big around as your shipped container and just as deep. This dense, slow-growing tree (16 to 66 feet tall) is a species of juniper native to eastern North America. Cedar tree, juniper, savin, evergreen, cedar apple, and Virginia red cedar Uses Ethnobotanic: The red cedar is used by many tribes for incense in purification and ritual (Kindscher 1992). The Major North American Conifers with Descriptions, The 3 Best Places to Buy Christmas Trees Online, How to Keep Your Christmas Tree Fresh All Season, Eastern Red Cedar, the Most Widely Distributed Eastern Conifer, 22 Common Insects Pests That Are Harmful to Trees, Central Park South - A Photo Tour of Common Park Trees, A Beginner's Guide to Tree Identification, 6 Common Spruce Tree Ranges in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. This Eastern Red Cedar tree is grown in Northern Michigan at Dutchman Tree Farms Landscape Nursery for Container Grown Evergreens. The Leyland Cypress is the longest lasting Christmas tree. Eastern Red Cedar Tree Blight. It is a highly variable plant, but always forms a relatively conical silhouette of up to 50 feet. Prune in early spring. It is a slow-growing tree, with mature specimens ranging from just 15 feet up to 60 feet. Colonial craftsmen lost no time in using the wood from the eastern redcedar for furniture and fences, as it had superior weathering capability and was easy to work with. The Fraser fir is perhaps the most popular variety of Christmas tree because it is hardy enough to survive being cut and shipped across long distances. Eastern red cedars are most commonly used as windbreaks or privacy screens along homes or buildings due to their dense foliage. Its not a true cedar but is a member of the juniper family. The prickly, needled leaves are rich green in the summer but blush yellow-green to bronze-green in winter's cold. Booth's Christmas Tree Farm offers a wide selection of Christmas trees, including: Carolina Sapphire, Eastern Red Cedar, Leyland Cypress, Virginia Pine, Clemson Greenspire and White Pine growing on our farm in Conway. The tree has excellent needle retention along with a pleasing piney scent. The Virginia pine has wide tufts of soft needles ranging from dark green to gray in color. Their reddish lumber is commonly used for furniture, fence posts, and other novelties. Because this variety of evergreen has very little scent, it is popular with people who suffer from tree-related allergies. This popular evergreen is found in the eastern United States, including right here in Charlotte. Unlike some species that must be pruned regularly to maintain the traditional cone shape, the Eastern red cedar comes by its pyramidal crown naturally. I grew up in Missouri and our Christmas tree every year was a red cedar. This tree is native to North America, where in some regions, it is known to be an invasive species. Raulston answered: “Not correct as it does not grow rapidly when young!” These bright kids hadn’t given much thought to Eastern red … Looking for the Urban Forest Master Plan? Nature Reliance 13,398 views. Bagworm Cocoon on an Eastern Red Cedar Tree. The Scotch pine tree has stiff branches and dark green needles that are retained for four weeks. This tree can tolerate a wide range of soil moisture and pH, so long as the soil is well-drained. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. I’m age 70 and enjoy leaving behind these treasured trees. Weather: Tolerates heat and winter cold, flooding and drought. How to Grow Eastern Red Cedar. It has dark green to powdery blue needles and a pyramidal form when young. Eastern red cedar, commonly called the red cedar, eastern juniper, pencil cedar, and red juniper, is a species of dense, slow-growing conifers that belong to the genus Juniperus of the family Cupressaceae. Cedar selections, planted by Louisville tree activist Mike Hayman, on Cedar Hill in Seneca Park. The Eastern red cedar is a popular Christmas tree in the southern U.S., where it is a native species. Females produce small blue-grey “berries” that look like fruit, but are actually cones made of infused scales. Eastern red cedar tree is the common upright juniper of the eastern half of North America. Early explorers took note of the tree. To kick off the new year, we’ll be highlighting some of our favorite trees with a new “Tree of the Month” series. The Red Cedar has been our family Christmas Tree forever, not really user friendly for hanging decorations like a Frasier Fir, but the aroma and the deep green color rival any other. Americans buy about 20 million real Christmas trees each holiday season, most at retail lots and Christmas tree farms. EASTERN RED CEDAR Red Cedar is the traditional Christmas tree for us Southerners. Eastern redcedar, sometimes called pencil-cedar, is the most widespread juniper in the eastern United States. This lasted for over a century until they switched to western cedars, which were more abundant. Mature size: Reaching 40 to 50’ tall. It is a juniper and the most widely distributed native conifer in the eastern United States. They have a sweet scent when crushed. Mature Size redcedar grows to a height of about 30 to 35 feet and the branches may spread 12 … These trees can tolerate many weather extremes and road pollution, making them an ideal tree to plant when faced with the effects of climate change and increasing pollution. They have a nice, dark green color and are very fragrant. Remove your tree from the container and gently comb the roots to loosen the roots. The Colorado blue spruce is very often sold as a living Christmas tree, which includes an entire root ball and can be planted after the holidays. Eastern white pines have excellent needle retention and stout branches to support heavy decorations. 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