Herzogenbusch Concentration Camp, Vught, The Netherlands. However, the most impressive and touching publication about Herzogenbusch is a diary kept by prisoner David Koker, a 22-year-old student. Two women stood out in the neighborhood for their efforts to get to know the names of the prisoners, in order to pass this information to the prisoners’ family members. The camp was first used in 1943 and held 31,000 prisoners. Under his regime, a punishment company (Strafkompanie) was set up; partly because of this, the practice of beating up prisoners increased. 749 prisonniers sont morts dans le camp, et les autres ont été transférés dans d'autres camps peu de temps avant la libération du camp par les forces alliées en 1944. It remained active until the larger camp was dissolved. The only penal records are available for minor perpetrators. Chmielewski and Huttig were tried outside the Netherlands. Grunewald was arrested and sentenced by an SS court in the Netherlands to three and a half years’ imprisonment. For Jews in particular, but also for po liti cal prisoners, the regime intended to send them to other destinations. 749 prisoners died in the camp, and the others were transferred to other camps shortly before the camp was liberated by the Allied Forces in 1944. As far as the archival situation is concerned, a serious drawback is the fact that none of the three camp commandants was tried in the Netherlands. Herzogenbusch Collection de Nadine seguela. Nevertheless, a fairly well equipped hospital, run by imprisoned doctors, functioned from July 1943 on. In August 1943, as a result of deportations from the Judendurchgangslager, space became vacant for a new camp: the Polizeiliches Durchgangslager, which thus mirrored the original function of the Amersfoort camp. About two months afterward, however, it was renamed according to its basic function. Main telephone: 202.488.0400 Herzogenbusch concentration camp was located in Vught in the province of North Brabant, near recreational lake De IJzeren Man. (Dutch language: Kamp Vught, During World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the Netherlands (1940–1945). To that end, Himmler charged WVHA head Oswald Pohl to have talks with Rauter, which would take place in the same month.1 For the time being (and until May 1944), Rauter did not obtain the final responsibility over the camp—by definition in the hands of the WVHA—but was responsible for its supervision (Dienstaufsicht). ... Lots of love everyone, thanks for everything. Apart from Jews these included, amongst others, Roma (gypsies), resistance activists and Jehovah’s witnesses. A second transport—some 2,000 prisoners from Amersfoort—arrived three days later. A few hundred hostages were locked up, generally for not longer than a couple of months. After a couple of weeks, almost all of them were released. About 1,350 male prisoners came from abroad, mostly from Belgium and, to a lesser extent, from France. RSHA Circular, January 18, 1943, NIOD [C61.01], Collection 250g. A small group of students, however, were transported to Germany for forced labor. He did not want it to be a police transit or extended police camp (Polizeiliches Durchgangslager or Erweitertes Polizeilager) like Amersfoort, or a Judendurchgangslager like Westerbork. Herzogenbusch concentration camp was a Nazi concentration camp located in Vught near the town of 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands. In total, about 2,000 men and 300 women were imprisoned in this camp. On the contrary, testimonies clearly indicate that members of the guard force started to destroy the archives shortly before the final evacuation of the prisoners. [citation needed] He was sacked in 1943 for stealing from the camp on a large scale. Le camp a été tout d'abord utilisé en 1943, a emprisonné 31 000 prisonniers, et 749 prisonniers sont morts dans le camp ; une partie des prisonniers fut déplacée vers d’autres camps, peu de temps avant que les Alliés libèrent le camp en 1944. Because of the advance of the Allied forces through France and Belgium, the prisoners of the Schutzhaftlager, the Polizeiliches Durchgangslager, the SD- Lager, and the Frauenkonzentrationslager were transported, on September 5 and 6, 1944, to camps in Germany. Like the other prisoners, the Jews were put to work in different internal and external detachments (Innen-und Aussenkommandos). (Arolsen, 1979), 1:154–157. Among them was the Herzogenbusch main camp (also known as Vught). Articles with Dutch-language external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Buildings and structures in North Brabant, Nazi concentration camps in the Netherlands, World War II memorials in the Netherlands, "Shades of Anne Frank in Dutch prison camp diary. Of these, 329 were murdered at an execution site just outside the camp. From May 1943 on, women were imprisoned in a separate barracks, called the Frauenkonzentrationslager. David's mother and brother Max survived the war, but David died during a transport of sick people to Dachau in 1945.[4]. A fairly well equipped hospital, run by imprisoned doctors, functioned from July 1943 on, women and died! The usual harassment, working conditions for them were released ; the rest were to... Europe outside of Germany s last statement can be qualified as highly.! Is now complete and conserved are not convincing enough for the acceptance of Rauter ’ Gravenhage. 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