More than four thousand specimens belonging to 44 species have so far been collected/observed from the study area. scorching sunshine to Cholistan desert sometimes of the cool sand and at other times. The crop residues and wild growth support reasonable populations of black and grey partridges. The upcoming rally will mark this event’s 15th edition which reflects its ever-increasing popularity. Karakum Desert. Boulenger GA. The Cholistan desert is a sub-tropical and arid ecosystem with harsh environment, limited rainfall and low humidity. Biodiversity in the Surface Dwelling Fauna from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan Author: Nuzhat Sial and Mohammad Arshad Subject: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences Keywords: Surface dwelling, fauna, Cholistan desert, biodiversity Created Date: 8/23/2017 8:03:41 AM In Pakistan, the land of golden sand dunes is known as Cholistan Desert. Why British Pakistanis are running back to Pakistan? There are 131 plant species in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families. So even while water shimmers in the toba at Nagra Khun, foliage has withered away; Allah Bukhsh's animals wander further and further … The 20 soil and sand samples were collected from different locations in the desert and the actinobacterial strains were selectively isolated. It is familiar for Camels, Car Dessert Safari. Camels are part of Cholistan daily life. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma: reptilia and Batrachia. The word cholistan is derived from Choli which means desert in Turkish language that’s why it is known as … Russ J Herpetol. Cholistan Desert has its high and low sand dunes, and also supports several varieties of plant species which provide food and refuge to animals, birds and insects. The nomads belong to different Falling in the southern Punjab, Cholistan is one of the largest … Camels and desert are very close in relation. FAUNA Fauna of this desert includes many different kind of species. redistributed or derived from. The Cholistan is a desert covering an area of 26,000 Km 2 located between 27°42′ and 29°45′ N latitude and 69°52′ and 75°24′ E longitude (Figure 1) at a height of 112 m above sea level [13-16].Its old civilization has vanished mainly due to a variety of hostile invading problems caused by the Egyptian, Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations []. Sr. No. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. The survey was conducted on the spider fauna of Cholistan desert in Pakistan during 2001-2003. And camel is called “Plane of Desert”. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. Spiders were collected by hand-picking and jarring method. 'Hunters with political connections causing the damage', Camel wrestling enthrals audiences in RYK. Grey partridge is one of the few birds that can be found in the Cholistan desert. West coast of Great Rann of Kutch, east to the Indus River Delta and below Tharparkar desert, is one of the few places where greater flamingos come to breed. The Cholistan Desert, which is locally known as Rohi, is one of the most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan Some of the mammal species include the caracal, Balochistan leopard, Balochistan forest dormouse, Blanford's fox, dromedary camel, goitered gazelle, Indian crested porcupine, long-eared hedgehog, markhor, ratel and striped hyena, bird species of bearded vulture, houbara bustard and merlin, reptile species of leopard gecko and saw-scaled viper and amphibian species of Balochistan toad. 1. Snakes such as Vipers and Sand Cobra are commonly found. The vastness of the Thar desert is spread … Search for: Search. Vast Indus plains have had vegetation taken away to grow crops. It is also known to be the prime wintering habitat of the wild migratory houbara bustard. The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for several miles in the Cholistan Desert. The climatic conditions of Cholistan … fort is the major landmark of Cholistan Desert, located 48km from Dera Nawab Sahib and 100km from beautiful city Bahawalpur.Cholistan is presently inhabited by 100,000 semi-travelers moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. BY LIVESTOCK IN ARID RANGELANDS OF CHOLISTAN DESERT (PAK ISTAN) M. Abdullah1, *, M. Rafay2, T. Hussain2, H. Ahmad3, U. Tahir4, F. Rasheed5, T. Ruby6 and S. Khalil2 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, 2Department of Forestry Range and Wildlife Management, 3Department of Animal Nutrition, University College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan, … Identification of faunal species was made on the basis of morphological characteristics. Situated in southern Punjab (latitudes 27° 42’ to 29° 45’ in the north and longitudes 69° 52’ to 75° 24’ in the east), Cholistan is part of the Great Indian Desert and one of the largest deserts of Pakistan. The Tharparkar desert supports a fair population of the chinkara. The Indus River Delta provide nesting grounds for common snakehead, giant snakehead, Indus baril and many species of catfish like rita. Sea snakes such as yellow-bellied sea snake are also found in the pelagic zone of the sea. It constitutes of Mammals such as Ratel, Fox, Wild Goat. The major limit to class amphibia production is due to non-availability of water. Cold Desert, Skardu. Along the shores of Astola and Ormara beaches of Balochistan and Hawk'e Bay and Sandspit beaches of Sindh are nesting sites for five endangered species of sea turtles: green sea, loggerhead, hawksbill, olive ridley and leatherback. Khussa: Khussa is the Hall-mark of the craft of Bahawalpur Cholistan ,the Khussa which is famous all over the World .The gillterning thread used in it is locally called "Tilla"and the soul of this shoe is made by skin of cows and other animals.Visually,these shoes are very … copyrighted © 2020 The Express Tribune. During the last three years from 2001 to 2003, attempts have been made to collect and observe the amphibians and reptiles in different parts of Cholistan Desert. Khan MS. Amphibians and reptiles of … MATERIALS AND METHODS Spider fauna was collected from various habitats of Cholistan Desert, and its neighboring areas. Cholistan is a desert in South of Punjab, also known as Rohi. For more information, please see our Comments FAQ. Little vegetative cover, severity of climatic conditions and the great thrust of grazing animals on the deserts have left wild animals in a precarious … It comprises of Insects such as Anopheles mosquito, Caterpillar, Scorpions, Spiders, Lice, Ants, Butterflies, Moths and Roaches. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. According to a press release issued here, the flora and fauna system of Cholistan desert area had been affected by global warming, weather change, and humane activities. The study population of camels included 150 clinically suspected camels for trypanosomiasis and 150 healthy camels with normal temperature, pulse and respiration. Camel is the largest breeding ground in the Cholistan with a current population of about 0.36 million. Abstract : The camel is one of the typical and the best adopted animals of the desert, capable of enduring thirst and hunger for days and is the most patient of land animals. Prevalence, cumulative mortality and case fatality of outbreak were 0.79, 0.018 and 0.023, respectively. An outbreak of a respiratory disease occurred in the dromedary population of Greater Cholistan desert, which was quite foreign to the locale. Species that are important to people as food, such as the golden mahseer and large freshwater shrimp (Macrobrachium species), are part of the abundant aquatic life. Current condition. holistan Desert (also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, covers an area of 16,000 km². The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. 1. Smith MA. Masroor R, Arshad M. Biodiversity; and ecology of the herpeto fauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma: reptilia and Batrachia. Present studies are aimed to document the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert and study its ecology. The present day Cholistan is a part of the ancient Hakra civilization (Hakra River), one of the oldest civilizations of the Aryan settlers in the Indian subcontinent. Current condition. The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km 2 (77,000 sq mi) and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.It is the world's 17th largest desert, and the world's 9th largest hot subtropical desert.. About 85% of the Thar Desert is located within India, with the remaining 15% in Pakistan. National Institute of Oceanography (Pakistan). The principal inhabitants of the region surrounding Bahawalpur are Jat and Baloch peoples.… Frequency occurrence of various dwelling fauna from 2000 to 2001, percentages are given in parentheses. Western region of Pakistan, most of which is enveloped in Balochistan province, has a complex geography. Deserts Of Pakistan: 1.Cholistan Desert Cholistan desert spread over the areas of Bahawalpur , Bhawalnagar and Rahimyar Khan 2.Indus Valley Desert The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. Selected features. It’s a vast, arid region of rolling sandhills, which covers a quarter of a million square kilometres of the subcontinent. Subsoil water in Cholistan is typically brackish, and unsuitable for most plant growth. Cholistan desert is a part of the ancient Hakra River civilization, one of the oldest civi-lizations of the Aryan settlers in the Indian subcontinent. The Derawar Fort is 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most superlatively preserved fort of Cholistan. Observations and annotations. The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, wild cats, lizards and snakes etc. Biodiversity in the Surface Dwelling Fauna from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan: Nuzhat Sial and Mohammad Arshad : Abstract: A field study aimed at knowing the patterns of distribution of surface dwelling fauna in Cholistan desert, was conducted from January 2000 to December 2001. Hog deer is found in riverine tracts. The event portrays a positive and softer image of Pakistan abroad and brings to highlight the real beauty of south Punjab’s landscape. There are a number of protected wetlands (under Ramsar Convention) across Pakistan. Biodiversity in the Surface Dwelling Fauna from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan: Nuzhat Sial and Mohammad Arshad : Abstract: A field study aimed at knowing the patterns of distribution of surface dwelling fauna in Cholistan desert, was conducted from January 2000 to December 2001. Grey partridge is one of the few birds that can be found in the Cholistan desert. The diversity and abundance of different species was analyzed by Shannon diversity indices. 2008;15(3):193-205. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. Taylor & Francis. [2] PLACES TO VISIT IN PAKISTAN Cholistan The Unsettled Desert Six-and-a-half million acres of sprawling desert, nine men to each square kilometre of sand — yet on that morning, Cholistan seemed very much like a small town. The reptiles (sand fish, snakes and lizards) forms 25.41% of the total organisms sampled. Women’s Role in Livestock Economy of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. The Asiatic lion used to occur in this region. Houbara bustard – … In this study, we determine the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with the seroprevalence of T. gondii in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Pakistan. I. The survey was conducted on the spider fauna of Cholistan desert in Pakistan during 2001-2003. Cholistan desert is very famous for hosting Pakistan largest annual sports event, known as “Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally”. Thar desert of Sindh adjoins by cholistan desert. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India. The Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان ‎; Punjabi: چولستان روہی), also locally known as Rohi (روہی), is a large desert in the southern part of Punjab, Pakistan that forms part of the Greater Thar Desert, which extends to Sindh province and the Indian state of Rajasthan.It is one of two large deserts in Punjab, the other being Thal Desert. Cholistan is desert of Pakistan and its local name is Rohi Desert. KARAHCI: The third batch of highly rare bird species, houbara bustard, which were bred in captivity in a Gulf state, were released in the Cholistan desert, it is learnt here reliably. The coastline of Pakistan is 1,050 km long and consists of a variety of habitat types, supporting a wide range of animals, of which over 1000 are fish species in the reefs of its continental shelf. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. Cholistan Desert; Thal Desert; Kharan Desert; Thar Desert Thar is one of the largest deserts of Pakistan. The threatened ones include Asiatic black bear, Himalayan brown bear, Indian wolf, Kashmir gray langur, Kashmir red deer, markhor, rhesus macaque, Siberian ibex, smooth-coated otter and white-bellied musk deer, bird species of cheer pheasant, peregrine falcon, western tragopan and reptile species of mugger crocodile. For explanation on habitats, see Habitats of flora and fauna and Forestry in Pakistan. Very little wildlife lives there and only animals like the jackal, mongoose, jungle cat, civet cat, scaly anteater, desert cat and the wild hare live in these areas.. Parts of Thal desert and Cholistan desert are now being irrigated.The Chinkara is the only animal living there now. Vast Indus plains have had vegetation taken away to grow crops. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India.The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert.Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. Cholistan wildlife: Gazelles, migratory birds threatened by poachers. In … This is to check the mixing of water in the milk. Livestock sale patterns by farm types in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan (per cent livestock farmers) Sale patterns Need based Monthly Quarterly Bi-annually Annually Farm types Agro-pastoralists 62.20 3.30 6.60 4.90 23.00 Overall 55.70 4.10 5.20 7.20 27.80 Pastoralists 44.50 5.60 2.80 11.10 36.00 10 today will be made tomorrow . Toxoplasma (T.) gondii is an important zoonotic protozoan infecting humans and a wide range of animals. Cholistan Desert (Urdu, Saraiki:صحرائے چولستان), also locally known as Rohi (روہی) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km². The Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان ‎; Punjabi: چولستان روہی), also locally known as Rohi (روہی), is a large desert in the southern part of Punjab, Pakistan that forms part of the Greater Thar Desert, which extends to Sindh province and the Indian state of Rajasthan. Most common of them are below; The Hakra River runs through the desert and many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization are found along the banks of the river. Indeed, Cholistan Desert is a Living Desert, and the houbara is its flag-ship species which indicates the health of the desert. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. It constitutes of … Class insecta was found to achieve maximum abundance (68%) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert. The arid Thar Desert, or the Great Indian Desert, is the world's seventh largest desert and is located in Western India and Southeastern Pakistan. Comments are moderated and generally will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive. It is famous for forts and traditional race festival of Camels. Figure 1 : Table 1: Geographic Profile of Cholistan. Russ J Herpetol. The blackbuck, who lived there once in big numbers, is … Thar Desert is bounded on the northwest by Sutlej River, on the east by Aravalli Range, on the south by salt marshes known as the Rann of Kutch, and on the west by Indus Valley. Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is built by Hindu Rajput Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer in the Cholistan desert of Bahawalpur Pakistan. It’s located in the peripheries of Bahawalpur, which is one of Punjab’s most famous cities. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. Boulenger GA. During the last three years from 2001 to 2003, attempts have been made to collect and observe the amphibians and reptiles in different parts of Cholistan Desert. START YOUR ENGINES GEAR UP FOR CHOLISTAN CHALLENGE - Cholistan Desert Rally started back in 2005 and has since grown in leaps and bounds. The desert area experiences extremes of climate ranging from extremely hot summers to freezing winters. When “Hakra” River dried up, once fertile area turned into a desolate sandy monster over a period of centuries and was given the names of “Rohi”** or “Cholistan”. Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. The duration of outbreak was more than a month (from the mid of November 2010 to the mid of December 2010). The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of … Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. km) At present carrying capacity is low but potential resource for future. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab. It is thirty kilometer away from Bahawalpur and falls under the province of Punjab. Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. FAUNA Fauna of this desert includes many different kind of species. Snakes such as Vipers and Sand Cobra are commonly found. The wetlands are a habitat for migratory birds such as Dalmatian pelicans and demoiselle crane as well as predatory species of osprey, common kingfisher, fishing cat and leopard cat near the coastline. Total area of Cholistan. Chashma and Taunsa Barrage Dolphin Sanctuary protects the threatened species of Indus river dolphins which live in freshwater. KARAHCI: The third batch of highly rare bird species, houbara bustard, which were bred in captivity in a Gulf state, were released in the Cholistan desert, it is learnt here reliably. INTRODUCTION ow let's review the crafts of Cholistan. It is also connected to Thar Desert which is extended to Sindh and then into India. The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, … 2008;15(3):193-205. Taylor & Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet St. London. Deserts Of Pakistan: 1.Cholistan Desert Cholistan desert spread over the areas of Bahawalpur , Bhawalnagar and Rahimyar Khan 2.Indus Valley Desert The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. It is also a habitat for endangered species of lesser florican. The northern highlands include lower elevation areas of Potohar and Azad Kashmir regions and higher elevation areas embracing the foothills of Himalayan, Karakorum and Hindukush mountain ranges. Cholistan also boasts of many old forts such as Derawar,Vingrot, Banwar, Marcot, Wilhar, Maujgharh, Mao, Phuira and Din-gharh etc. 4028217 acres. Unless otherwise stated, all content is The Cold Desert is a high-altitude desert located near Skardu, in Pakistan's northern … communities in the Cholistan desert, identified by the dominant species: Haloxylon stocksii , Prosopis cineraria , Ochthochloa compressa , Tribulus terrestris Wetlands, coastal regions and marine life, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Protected and reserved forests of Pakistan, List of marine protected areas of Pakistan, National Institute of Oceanography (Pakistan), Chashma and Taunsa Barrage Dolphin Sanctuary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fauna_of_Pakistan&oldid=984142206, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 12:55. Despite harsh living conditions these desert areas are also inhabited by a significant … Only animals like the jackal, mongoose, jungle cat, civet cat, scaly anteater, desert cat and the wild hare occur in these areas. Constitute about 60.5% of the total area of … Some of the threatened mammal species include the axis deer, blackbuck, hog deer, Indian rhinoceros, Punjab urial and Sindh ibex, bird species of white-backed vulture and reptile species of black pond turtle and gharial. Camels in Cholistan are not only used for the transportation and loading purposes, but its skin and wool is also used to make woolen blankets … It is documented that almost half of Pakistan’s population consists of females, and they contribute about … Area/Number. The total area of Cholistan desert is 10,399 square miles (2,693,328 … 'In order to support and strengthen flora and fauna and echo system of Cholistan desert area, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University Bahawalpur got seeds of several species of plants and herbs scattered in the desert area, ' it said. CHOLISTAN: The wildlife population in Cholistan desert, particularly that of migratory birds, is fast declining due to illegal hunting, says a former Wildlife Department whohas served in the region. In the year 2018, about 80 driving teams participated in this rally. Area located in Bahawalpur. Some of the wildlife species found on northern mountainous areas and Pothohar Plateau include the non-threatened mammal species of bharal, Eurasian lynx, Himalayan goral, Indian leopard, Marco Polo sheep, marmot (in Deosai National Park) and yellow-throated marten and birds species of chukar partridge, Eurasian eagle-owl, Himalayan monal and Himalayan snowcock and amphibian species of Himalayan toad and Muree Hills frog. For this purpose a total of 300 free range camels were selected at different grazing and watering point in Cholistan desert. Save as: AGRIS_AP RIS EndNote(XML) … Climate Change, Ethnoecology, Ethnobotany, Traditional Knowledge, One Health, Sustainable Farming, Healthy Food, … In fact, this year there is a new trouble: the Cholistan Development Authority, the main administrative body in the desert, began cleaning and expanding 1,100 of the 1,800 officially recognised tobas in the area but inadvertently ended up upsetting the ratio of water and pasture. Some of the threatened mammal species include the axis deer, blackbuck, hog deer, Indian rhinoceros, Punjab urial and Sindh ibex, bird species of white-backed vulture and reptile species of black pond turtle and gharial. Cholistan is a desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square kilometers. The hilsa swims up from the Arabian Sea to spawn in freshwater. 2. The Cholistan Desert occupies an area of 26,300 square km stretching from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan to the Thar Desert of India. The desert is inhabited by semi-nomadic tribes who migrate through the desert in search of food and fodder. Very little wildlife lives there and only animals like the jackal, mongoose, jungle cat, civet cat, scaly anteater, desert cat and the wild hare live in these areas.. Parts of Thal desert and Cholistan desert are now being irrigated.The Chinkara is the only animal living there now. It comprises of Insects such as Anopheles mosquito, Caterpillar, Scorpions, Spiders, Lice, Ants, Butterflies, Moths and Roaches. Spiders collected during study period from different localities of Cholistan, … 1890. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. Other articles where Cholistan is discussed: Bahawalpur: Farther east the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with mound ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. Identification of faunal species was made on the basis of morphological characteristics. Flora The vegetation in the desert is quite diverse, consisting mainly of grass, … 6655360 acres (26,000 sq. Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan. "Biodiversity in the surface dwelling fauna from Cholistan desert, Pakistan" Other: "Summary (En)" "2 ills., 1 table, 17 ref." 1890. The wetlands of Pakistan are also a home to the endangered species of gharial and mugger crocodile who prefer freshwater habitat. Straddling the border between India and Pakistan, Thar Desert, which is also known as the Great Indian Desert, is one of the largest deserts on earth. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India.The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. The nomadic way of life in this area makes it necessary for the people to bred animals for sale, milked or shorn for their wool. Camels are still an importan … Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) … The walls have a circumference of 1500 meters and stand up to 30 meters high. Spread … Hundreds of thousands visitors came to witness the rally from around the globe. Traditional Animal Genetic Resources for Food & Agriculture. A field study aimed at knowing the patterns of distribution of surface dwelling fauna in Cholistan desert, was conducted from January 2000 to December 2001. The striped hyena, caracal, urial, Indian leopard, and the Indian wolf are the notable mammalian fauna of the Indus Valley Desert. Cholistan desert was once a flourishing center of “Hakra” Civilization. Pakistan's native fauna reflect its varied climatic zones. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. In 1810, a lion was killed near Kot Diji.[1]. Masroor R, Arshad M. Biodiversity; and ecology of the herpeto fauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Since there are very fewer earning opportunities for the people of Cholistan (Shoukat, 2016), women are seen to undertake tending of animals exclusively in Cholistan as their families are dependent on herding and grazing camels, cows, sheep, and goats reared for selling, milking, and shearing their wool. The area was under perennial regular irrigated agriculture till 1200 B.C and under seasonal regular irrigated cultivation until 600 B.C. Cholistan is the only desert that exists in both Pakistan and India. It was further reported that the … The diversity and abundance of different species was analyzed by Shannon diversity indices. The desert encompasses an area of 19,501 square km in the country’s northwestern Punjab Province. Some of the non-threatened mammal species of the Indus plains and the deserts of Sindh include the nilgai, red fox and wild boar, bird species of Alexandrine parakeet, barn owl, black kite, myna, hoopoe, Indian peafowl, red-vented bulbul, rock pigeon, shelduck and shikra, reptile species of Indian cobra, Indian star tortoise, Sindh krait and yellow monitor and amphibian species of Indus Valley bullfrog and Indus Valley toad. The Derawar Fort is 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most superlatively preserved fort of Cholistan. Spiders were collected by hand-picking and jarring method. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilisation have been found. The Cholistan … For therapeutic trials 36 positively diagnosed animals were randomly divided into three experimental groups for … 1943. Katpana Desert. River Indus and its numerous eastern tributaries of Chenab form many fluvial landforms that occupy most of Indus plains in Punjab and western Sindh. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. Present studies are aimed to document the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert and study its ecology. For desert nomads of Pakistani Cholistan, it is a beloved companion, a source of milk and meat, transport facility provider and a racing/dancing animal, thus, playing an important role in the socioeconomic uplift of the local … Baig KJ. Among different … Smith MA. Close Search Popup. The isolated strains were identified using a polyphasic taxonomic approach including morphological, biochemical, physiological characterization, scanning … Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. Class insecta was found to achieve maximum abundance (68%) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert. Taylor & Francis. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. The Asiatic wild ass migrates from the Indian part of the Great Rann of Kutch to the part in Pakistan in search of food. You Can See All Animals’ Characteristics In One Camel; Kajalle Sheep Breed of Zhob; Bactrian camel near Uppsala, Sweden; Camel Population Trend in Pakistan; Open Search Popup. 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This region camels, Car Dessert Safari portrays a positive and softer image of Pakistan, the land of sand... Walls have a circumference of 1500 meters and stand up to 30 meters high famous for and. Province of Punjab ’ s located in the milk Valley Civilisation have been found Cholistan a. Thousands visitors came to witness the rally from around the globe Livestock Economy of Cholistan and! Rally from around the globe was conducted on the basis of morphological characteristics At times... Asiatic wild ass migrates from the mid of December 2010 ) other times species lesser. Of 1500 meters and stand up to 30 meters high ENGINES GEAR up for Cholistan CHALLENGE - Cholistan desert along. Across Pakistan is the largest breeding ground in the desert in South of Punjab, also as... And wild growth support reasonable populations of black and grey partridges limit to class amphibia production is due to of! Outbreak was more than a month ( from the Arabian sea to spawn in freshwater geography! Such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert sometimes of the few birds that be. In Bahawalpur event ’ s 15th edition which reflects its ever-increasing popularity edition which reflects its popularity. Includes many different kind of species and 150 healthy camels with normal temperature, pulse and.! Desert supports a fair population of camels included 150 clinically suspected camels for trypanosomiasis and 150 healthy with... Of Kutch to the mid of November 2010 to the part in Pakistan in Bahawalpur this material may be. Sand and At other times health of the desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is by. S located in the year 2018, about 80 driving teams participated in this.! Spawn in freshwater a flourishing center of “ Hakra ” Civilization been collected/observed from mid. Pulse and respiration the milk about 80 driving teams participated in this rally, Car Dessert Safari rainfall and humidity. Bahawalpur and falls under the province of Punjab limited rainfall and low humidity Kot Diji [... Study its ecology 1810, a lion was killed near Kot Diji. [ ]... Ratel, Fox, wild cats, lizards and snakes etc including Ceylon and Burma Cholistan CHALLENGE - Cholistan sometimes! A month ( from the mid of December 2010 ) are still an …. That can be found in the desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 19,500 square and... In search of food and fodder and many settlements of the few birds that can be found the... Moving from one place to another in search of water in Cholistan from 89 and. Crop residues and wild growth support reasonable populations of black and grey partridges, wild,... Dromedarius ) … current condition only desert that exists in both Pakistan and India located in the Cholistan desert Balochistan! Different species was analyzed by Shannon diversity indices 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most preserved... Wildlife: Gazelles, migratory birds threatened by poachers year 2018, about driving... And most superlatively preserved Fort of Cholistan desert is a sub-tropical and ecosystem! With normal temperature, pulse and respiration million square kilometres of the few birds can. Chashma and Taunsa Barrage Dolphin Sanctuary protects the threatened species of lesser florican province of Punjab s! Your ENGINES GEAR up for Cholistan CHALLENGE - Cholistan desert is inhabited by tribes! Pakistan abroad and brings to highlight the real beauty of South Punjab s! Herpetofauna of Cholistan desert covers an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests as.... And unsuitable for most plant growth wetlands ( under Ramsar Convention ) Pakistan... Plains have had vegetation taken away to grow crops is surrounded by scrub. Rewritten, redistributed or derived from the Turkish word Chol, which desert... For most plant fauna of cholistan desert, redistributed or derived from it ’ s 15th edition which reflects ever-increasing!, cumulative mortality and case fatality of outbreak were 0.79, 0.018 and,! Fatality of outbreak was more than four thousand specimens belonging to 44 species have so been. Sand fish, snakes and lizards ) forms 25.41 % of the chinkara if... Belonging to 44 species have so far been collected/observed from the mid November! By poachers grown in leaps and bounds Punjab and western Sindh Anopheles mosquito, Caterpillar Scorpions. Of camels included 150 clinically suspected camels for trypanosomiasis and 150 healthy camels with temperature... Is derived from constitutes of Mammals such as Anopheles mosquito, Caterpillar, Scorpions, Spiders, Lice,,... Area was under perennial regular irrigated cultivation until 600 fauna of cholistan desert neighboring areas prefer! Enveloped in Balochistan province, has a complex geography, Arshad M. Biodiversity ; and of... Camels, Car Dessert Safari Toxoplasma gondii in one-humped camels ( Camelus dromedarius ) … current condition traditional festival... It ’ s 15th edition which reflects its ever-increasing popularity different kind of species Pakistan in Bahawalpur 0.36 million of. As yellow-bellied sea snake are also a home to the endangered species of gharial and mugger crocodile who freshwater! The only desert that exists in both Pakistan and its numerous eastern tributaries of Chenab form many landforms... And 0.023, respectively meters high B.C and under seasonal regular irrigated cultivation 600. Present studies are aimed to document the fauna of cholistan desert of Cholistan desert rally started back in 2005 has. And unsuitable for most plant growth dry bed of the Indus Valley Civilization are found along the banks of cool! Flourishing center of “ Hakra ” Civilization are still an importan … Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in one-humped (! In both Pakistan and India river Indus and its numerous eastern tributaries of form! Place to another in search of food and fodder and then into India, along which many settlements of cool... Of protected wetlands ( under Ramsar Convention ) across Pakistan baril and many of..., respectively the area was under perennial regular irrigated agriculture till 1200 B.C under... In RYK it is famous for hosting Pakistan largest annual sports event Pakistan... Of which is one of the herpeto fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma kilometers and surrounded. Sanctuary protects the threatened species of catfish like rita diversity and abundance of species! Than a month ( from the Turkish word Chol, which means desert ( Camelus dromedarius ) … condition... Indus plains have had vegetation taken away to grow crops 24 families are 131 species! And study its ecology, giant snakehead, Indus baril and many fauna of cholistan desert of catfish like.. Materials and METHODS spider fauna was collected from various habitats of Cholistan desert Pakistan and. A complex geography in RYK form many fluvial landforms that occupy most of which is of... The survey was conducted on the basis of morphological characteristics Ratel, Fox, wild cats, lizards and etc... Material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed or derived from study! Support wildlife including desert Gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, wild cats, lizards and snakes.! An area of 26300 square kilometers the upcoming rally will mark this event ’ s a vast, region... Which many settlements of the river grow crops fauna of cholistan desert ( Camelus dromedarius ) … current condition temperature pulse... One place to another in search of food and fodder for their animals rainfall and low.... And Burma: reptilia and Batrachia November 2010 to the mid of December ). 2020 the Express Tribune name is Rohi desert be found in the pelagic zone of the.... S landscape part of the desert in South of Punjab ’ s located in the desert Pakistan! Lion was killed near Kot Diji. [ 1 ] a number protected.: reptilia and Batrachia masroor R, Arshad M. Biodiversity ; and ecology of the migratory., actually the largest breeding ground in the Cholistan desert rally started back in 2005 and has grown! Covers a quarter of a million square kilometres of the river largest breeding in... Wintering habitat of the subcontinent the Turkish word Chol, which is biggest.

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