Plants belonging to the Lamiaceae (also called Labiatae) family are used traditionally to treat viral and microbial ailments. These form the basic food of mankind. Rosemary has been used since ancient times for medicinal, culinary, and ornamental purposes. A. Fibre yielding plants: 1. The family is particularly important to humans for…. are used as condiments. In India it is represented by 400 species. 2015). The Lamiaceae Family, Anti–HIV, and Antioxidant Responses. Because of their lovely smell and delicious taste many species of this family are used in the kitchen to the great joy and satisfaction of the cook and the gourmet. Apium graveolens: Itis cultivated in Himalayas, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh and South India. With 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the mint family (Lamiaceae) is one of the major angiosperm families. Some important plants of the family: Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Calendula officinalis (Englilsh marigold) Tanacetum coccineum (The painted daisy) Arctotis fastuosa (Monarch of the veld) Townsendia jonesii (Townsend daisy) Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Carthamus tinctorius (safflower) Chrysanthemum coccineum (pyrethrum) Econonmic importance: Helianthus annuus … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Ajuga bracteosa, Leucas cephalotes are used in fever. 1995, 1998; Wagstaff & Olmstead 1997; … 2. Food: Most of the important pulses belong to this family. The plants are found in temperate and tropical regions. Food: All the cereals and millets belong to this family. These plants are: Triticum sp (Wheat) Avena sativa; Zea mays (corn) Oryza sativa (rice) Hordeum vulgare (barley) Scale … Lamiaceae (Labiatae) is an important plant family that consists of 236 genera and more than 7000 species. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Rosaceae: Taxonomy, Economic Importance, Genomics Kim E. Hummer and Jules Janick A rose by any other name would smell as sweet. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The family is particularly important to humans for… mint. Omissions? 3. Fodders: Medicago sativa (Alfafa) is one of the best forage crops. A shared characteristic among many lamiaceae is aromatic foliage. Some inverted repeat chloroplast genes in Plantago have very high synonymous substitution rates (Zhu et al. They are common in the Maltese Islands and other Mediterranean countries for the fact that some of them produce a high amount of essential oil that enables them to survive the hot summer season. Lamium purpureum spp. A list of few important plants is given below: 1. They are perennial with pungent flower due to the presence of sulfur compound. The Lamiaceae family, one of the most important herbal families, incorporates a … Medicinal: Many plants of this family are used in medicines. Economic Importance of Lamiaceae: 1. The Australian representatives of this family are currently under revision. Economic Importance of Malvaceae: Economically this family is of much importance because there are a number of fibre yielding plants. These pulses are used as food and are rich in proteins. The dear only knows What will next prove a rose. der Lamiales mit ca. LAMIACEAE (Labiatae) - Mint Family Herbs with square stems and aromatic oils Leaves opposite or whorled, simple Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. While the Lamiaceae has been recognized as a family for centuries, the family was only recently defined in its current broad sense (Cantino & Sanders 1986; Cantino 1992; Wagstaff et al. Es sind Kräuter oder Sträucher mit in der Regel vierkantigem Stängel, kreuzgegenständigen Zweigen und Blättern und einem meist starken Duft, der von etherischen Ölen herrührt. Vicia, Melilotus, and Trifolium are also cultivated as the main fodder crops. It is a source of high protein food, oil, and forage. 2. 2008). Lamiaceae Lamiaceae See list of 35 genera in this family Choose this genus Scutellaria. The Apiaceae is synonym of . The flower of family Apiaceae is . They occure almost throughout the world, with the exception of the coldest polar regions. The largest genera that belong to this family are Salvia, Scutellaria, Stachys, Plectranthus, Hyptis, Teucrium, Vitex, Thymus, Nepeta, etc. The common species which give pulses are Gram, Pea, and Kidney bean. Economic Importance. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 1. Economic Importance of Family-Lamiaceae (Labiatae): The family is of little economic value. This family is commonly known as Lily family. Acanthaceae, one of 24 families in the mint order (Lamiales) of flowering plants, containing approximately 220 genera and nearly 4,000 species distributed predominantly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The greater part of the Acanthaceae family are herbs or shrubs, but vines and Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Lamiaceae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. A very important medicinal plant family is the Labiatae family, also known as the mint family. Food: Tubers of Stachys sieboldi are edible. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. 2. Many plants in the mint family are grown for their culinary and medicinal properties because of the oils produced when the leaves and flowers are crushed or distilled. According to certain authorities nearly all genera can produce some or other kinds of fibres. The Lamiaceae The Mint Family. Hence this family is considered as economically important. Some plants are grown in the gardens as ornamentals; some plants yield essential oil while certain possess medicinal properties. Lamiaceae plants are found all over the world and many are familiar garden herbs such as lavender, basil, mint, oregano, thyme and rosemary. The cox1 intron is common in the family, and the cox1 gene itself has been been lost twice in Plantago, a loss not recorded in any other angiosperms (Sanchez-Puerta et al. Although; it has importance both for men and animals. The Lamiaceae family is characterised by square stems, aromatic leaves (gland-dotted) and zygomorphic (irregular) flowers with the corolla usually 2-lipped. Lamiaceae, with ca. Family: Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. For their habitat, they prefer the open fields. The mint family (Lamiaceae), with approximately 236 genera and 7200 species, is the sixth largest family of flowering plants, and has major economic and cultural importance worldwide. An important chemical variability has been described for the volatile profile of … Top 25 Plant Families of Economic Importance 2.1 Anacardiaceae 2.2 Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) 2.3 Arecaceae (Palmae) 2.4 Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) 2.5 Convolvulaceae 2.6 Cucurbitaceae 2.7 Dioscoreaceae 2.8 Euphorbiaceae 2.9 Fabaceae (Leguminosae) 2.10 Lamiaceae (Labiatae) 2.11 Lauraceae 2.12 Malvaceae 2.13 Meliaceae 2.14 Moraceae 2.15 Musaceae 2.16 Myrtaceae 2.17 … It is used as a vegetable. Fabaceae family has great importance. Bharathidasan University. Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. Lamiaceae, Labiatae, Lippenblütler, Fam. are used as condiments. Timber: Many plants of the Fabaceae family pr… Fabaceae are also used as ornamental plants. Coleus sp. Food: Tubers of Stachys sieboldi are edible. Monarda citriodora spp. Medicinal: Many plants of this family are used in medicines. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 1. The general characteristic and economic importance of family apiaceae. Some examples from this family include mints, … The Lamiaceae are mostly herbs or shrubs comprising about 200 genera and 3,200 species. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. Teratogenesis (causing of congenital abnomalies), Whites and gamborg’s media in plant tissue culture, No public clipboards found for this slide. This family includes many culinary herbs which have been introduced to Australia, such as Melissa (lemon balm), Mentha (mint), Lavandula (lavender), Origanum (marjoram), Rosmarinus (rosemary) and Thymus (thyme). Economic Importance of Poaceae. Ajuga bracteosa, Leucas cephalotes are used in fever. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, List of economically important members of the family Lamiaceae, It is a cosmopolitan family with many well-known members of horticultural and economic importance such as Mentha longifolia . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. … Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Lamiaceae, Order: Lamiales) Wikipedia. Shakespeare A rose is a rose is a rose. Gertrude Stein The Rose Family The rose is a rose And was always a rose; But the theory now goes That the apple’s a rose, And the pear is, and so’s The plum, I suppose. This family has greater importance than all other families of the flowering plants. They are normally herbs or … Plants in this family, are herbs or shrubs often with an aromatic smell. 1a. Economic Importance of Lamiaceae: 1. 2. The Lamiaceae belong to a large family and are found growing over the entire planet. M.Sc.,LifeScience Its roots and seeds are used medicinally. 236 genera and ~7200 species, are the sixth largest angiosperm family and are of major economic and cultural importance worldwide. Recently, numerous side effects of synthetic drugs have lead to using medicinal plants as a reliable source of new therapy. Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Calyx with a small, but evident, tranverse ridge on the upper side, the upper lip deciduous in fruit [Fig. These plants are normally grown or cultivated for vegetable purpose. Native to Eurasia, North America, southern Africa, and Australia, mints are widely distributed throughout the temperate areas of the world and have naturalized in many places. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? Cotton is perhaps the most important fibre inspite of many synthetic textile fibres. She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mentha piperata and Thymus serphyllum give Menthol and Thymol respectively, which are extensively used in … Pain is a global public health problem with a high impact on life quality and a huge economic implication, becoming one of the most important enemies in modern medicine. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The medicinal use of plants as analgesic or antinociceptive drugs in traditional therapy is estimated to be about 80% of the world population. The family Apiaceae contributes several important food, essential oils and aromatic herbs to human race. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. ; Several species of Coleus are grown as ornamentals in the gardens for their variously coloured beautiful foliage. Mint, (genus Mentha), genus of 25 species of fragrant herbs of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The genus Rosmarinus (Lamiaceae family) comprises three different species (Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosmarinus eryocalix, and Rosmarinus tomentosus) that grow wild, primarily in the western Mediterranean region. Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) - characters ,economic importance , pattern in species and reproduction through Floral formula and floral diagram in mint family a) Umbelliferae b) Asteraceae c) Brassicaceae d) Malvaceae. Coriandrum sativum:It is chiefly grown in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar and Uttar Pra… The family includes 260 genera and 3200 species of world wide distribution. 1. V.Kanthasamy The fruits are used for extracting valuable oil and the seeds are used as spices. 5600 Arten, die über die ganze Erde verbreitet sind, besonders häufig jedoch im Mittelmeerraum. These genera are also cultivated … The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. The following is a list of some of the economically important species in the family, ordered alphabetically by common name.

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