They are known to eat fish, frogs, rodents, birds, crabs, and snakes. [1], Varanus cumingi, Varanus marmoratus, and Varanus nuchalis were classified as subspecies until 2007, when they were elevated to full species. The Bengal monitor (Varanus bengalensis) or common Indian monitor, is a monitor lizard found widely distributed over the Indian Subcontinent, as well as parts of Southeast Asia and West Asia.This large lizard is mainly terrestrial, and its length can range from about 61 to 175 cm from the tip of the snout to the end of the tail.Young monitors may be more arboreal, but adults … [3] They have also been known to eat turtles, as well as young crocodiles and crocodile eggs. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Accessed on 15.8.2017 on, "Studi Histokimia Sebaran Karbohidrat Usus Biawak Air (, "Mangrove and wetland wildlife at Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve: Malayan Water Monitor Lizard", "Checklist of the living monitor lizards of the world (family Varanidae)", Water Monitor Lizard (Varanus salvator) at Pak Lah’s House | Mutakhir, Water Monitor – Varanus salvator : WAZA : World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, "Water Monitor Care Sheet | Black Dragon Care Sheet | Varanus salvator Care Sheet | Vital Exotics", "Activity budgets and dietary investigations of, "Water monitors; Implications in forensic death investigations", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gmn4GGQaVuc, "The Myth of the Komodo Dragon's Dirty Mouth", "Predation of an adult Malaysian Water monitor, "An overview of international wildlife trade from Southeast Asia", "Water Monitor Lizards for Sale as Novelty Food in Java, Indonesia", "Perceptions of Sundanese Men Towards the Consumption of Water Monitor Lizard Meat in West Java, Indonesia", "Species Diversity, Distribution and Proposed Status of Monitor Lizards (Family Varanidae) in Southern Thailand", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asian_water_monitor&oldid=1002983352, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 January 2021, at 22:59. In Malaysia, this species is one of the most common wild animals, with numbers comparable to the population of macaques there. Africa: The Mystery; Welcome to Africa; African Anthrax; Outeniqua 1; Outeniqua 2; The Bushveld 1; The Bushveld 2; Night of the Timbavati Lost; African Adventure 2. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. Predation of an Adult Malaysian Water monitor (Varanus salvator macromaculatus) by an Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). Wild water monitor, varanus salvator, swimming in a sea. [35], With tongue extended (Sunderbans National Park, India), V. s. macromaculatus resting on tree limb, "Water monitor" redirects here. 2012. [7] It is also protected as it eats venomous snakes. Its entire upper body has round and protruding scales and the abdomen is covered with smooth scales. The venom may be used as a defensive mechanism to fend off predators, to help digest food, to sustain oral hygiene, and possibly to help in capturing and killing prey. Females lay their eggs in rotting vegetation, usually logs or tree stumps. Though some people do keep these lizards, they can reach surprising lengths. This species spends most of its time foraging for prey and sunning itself. Research initiatives such as these are very important to assess changes in conservation assessments. This widespread monitor lives throughout large regions of southern Asia, and it is one of the most common species of monitors in the region. On average, a single clutch contains about 10 eggs. Wild young water monitor - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. The species is considered dangerous and unsafe for humans in certain conditions. Photo about Wild water monitor (Varanus salvator) swimming in a sea. Image of rare, heath, outback - 24235069 [19], Like the Komodo dragon, the water monitor will often eat carrion. [8], The family Varanidae contains nearly 80 species of monitor lizards, all of which belong to the genus Varanus. The monitor emerged from the reeds and provided me with great entertainment. more The Python Hunters help remove Water Monitors from an urban park in Bangkok, Thailand. [24], The first description of the water monitor and its behaviour in English literature was made in 1681 by Robert Knox, who observed it during his long confinement in the Kingdom of Kandy: “There is a Creature here called Kobberaguion, resembling an Alligator. The average length of a water monitor is around 4 feet. During the scuffle between the two birds, another movement caught my eye. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. These classifications have been made on the basis that this species maintains a geographically wide distribution, can be found in a variety of habitats, adapts to habitats disturbed by humans, and is abundant in portions of its range despite large levels of harvesting. When threatened, they climb trees and leap into the water to swim away. [citation needed] Wild Africa. Filming water monitors in Thailand Wild animals have been living alongside people in cities for centuries and as a result have often been woven into local folklore and legend. The Python Hunters help remove Water Monitors from an urban park in Bangkok, Thailand. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Though humans exploit this species extensively, their populations remain stable. As these reptiles can grow to very large pets you should be well prepared to have the space sufficient enough to house an enclosure the size of a standard sized room in any average sized household – these reptiles spend most of their time of the floor of the enclosure and also require at least have of their enclosure to be a pool area for them to soak and bask in so space is very important. Learn what makes these monitors so unique below. Habitats that are considered to be most important to this species are mangrove vegetation, swamps, wetlands, and altitudes below 1000 meters. [1] When hunted by predators such as the king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) they will climb trees using their powerful legs and claws. This species has a long, stout body, short legs, and a long tail. Image of lying, danger, defence - 24235071 [2][11], The black water monitor from Thailand (type locality: Amphoe La-ngu, Satun Prov., Thailand, and Thai-Malaysian border area) was formerly the subspecies V. s. komaini, but now is regarded as a junior synonym and melanistic population of V. s. The IUCN lists this monitor as Least Concern. [3] The water monitor is occasionally confused with the crocodile monitor (V. salvadorii) because of their similar scientific names. It is one of the most common monitor lizards in Asia and is among the largest reptiles in the world. No membership needed. Water Monitor Indian Water Monitor lizard is one of the largest as well as the heaviest species of lizards, second only to the Komodo Monitors. They are very dangerous due to toxic saliva. [2] It is known as the "black dragon" or "black water monitor" (มังกรดำ, เหี้ยดำ) in Thai[12], The water monitor is a large species of monitor lizard. Breeding maturity is attained for males when they are a relatively modest 40 cm long and weigh 1 kg, and for females at 50 cm. [19][20], The Asian water monitor is widely distributed from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, the Chinese Guangxi and Hainan provinces, Malaysia, Singapore to the Sunda islands Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo and Sulawesi. [22], In dominantly aquatic habitats their semiaquatic behavior is considered to provide a measure of safety from predators. Their burrows often lie close to the river or stream, and are partially flooded. These reptiles have widespread distribution across southern Asia and the surrounding islands. [clarification needed][7], Stellio salvator was the scientific name used by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768 for a water monitor specimen. These are the semi-aquatic reptiles which are common throughout their distribution ranges and prefer living in humid or close areas to the water. The water monitor is one of the most striking members of the Reptile family and is second in size only to the Nile crocodile. It has been recorded up to an altitude of 1,800 m (5,900 ft). [1] Other uses include a perceived remedy for skin ailments and eczema,[31] novelty food in Indonesia,[32] and a perceived aphrodisiac,[33] and as pets. [27][28], Adult water monitors have few natural predators, and are only known to be preyed on by saltwater crocodiles. Humans hunt them for their meat and skin, and use various body parts in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Unless you have the means to care for a 10 ft. long reptile, you should not choose this animal as a pet. Water monitors are often defined by their dark brown or blackish coloration with yellow spots found on their underside- these yellow markings have a tendency to disappear gradually with age. This species does not thrive in habitats with extensive loss of natural vegetation and aquatic resources. Handling/Aggression African Adventure 1. Researchers recognize five different subspecies across their range. [34] It is still common in large urban areas in Thailand and is frequently seen in Bangkok's canals and parks. In fact, they have been known to adapt and thrive in agricultural areas as well as cities with canal systems (such as in Sri Lanka, where they are not hunted or persecuted by humans). The presence of anthropogenic resource subsidies may influence V. salvator behavior in such areas, Biawak, 6(1), pp. Morphological analyses have begun to unravel this taxonomic uncertainty but molecular studies are needed to test and confirm the validity of certain groupings within this genus. Previously, venom was thought to be unique to Serpentes (snakes) and Heloderma (venomous lizards). Wild water monitor lizards in Thailand. [5], In Indonesian and Malay, the Asian water monitor is called biawak air, although due to its prevalence it is simply referred to as biawak. Water Monitor Water Monitor. [1] It was described by Laurenti in 1768 and is among the largest squamates in the world.[2]. Zookeepers also feed them a variety of foods, including rats, mice, ground carnivore diet, rabbits, fish, and more. Another study from the same area by the same authors similarly estimated mean body mass for mature specimens at 20 kg (44 lb)[16] while yet another study found a series of adults to weigh 7.6 kg (17 lb). The Asian water monitor is also called Malayan water monitor, common water monitor, two-banded monitor, rice lizard, ring lizard, plain lizard and no-mark lizard, as well as simply water monitor. Its scales are quite thick, and usually dark brown or black with light colored patches. See more ideas about water monitor, reptiles and amphibians, monitor lizard. The Asian Water Monitor, also known as the Common Water Monitor, is a large reptile that lives throughout Asia. Water Monitor Varanus salvator. Large adults can weigh 40 lbs. 34-38, by International Varanid Interest Group. In Nepal, it is a protected species under the Wild Animals Protection Act of 2002. Although many fall victim to humans via roadkill and animal cruelty, they still thrive in most states of Malaysia, especially in the shrubs of the east coast states such as Pahang and Terengganu. This species hails from southern and Southeast Asia, where they’ve evolved over millions of years to survive in both wild and urban settings through their many adaptations. Populations and subspecies in different regions face different threat levels. This Water Monitor (Varanus niloticus), a species which is considered the largest lizard in Africa, was caught basking in the last sun rays of afternoon.Within seconds this reptile, measuring about 1 metre long, was bounding toward the nearby pan at full speed. The generic name Varanus is derived from the Arabic waral (ورل), which translates as "monitor". We have several gorgeous imported Water monitors for sale at the internet's lowest prices. The adult water monitor typically has a muscular brown-grey body with light patterning along the flank, and a pale underside. Their range extends from the eastern coast of India all the way to the coast of China. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. The young monitors are fully independent at hatching. The bite of a large pet water monitor was described by its American owner as being worse than that of a rattlesnake. It has a relatively long neck, and an elongated snout. [13] Adults rarely exceed 1.5–2 m (4.9–6.6 ft) in length,[14] but the largest specimen on record, from Sri Lanka, measured 3.21 m (10.5 ft). Habitat destruction also threatens this species. These reptiles breed between the months of April and October. [7], In Sri Lanka, it is protected by local people who value its predation of "crabs that would otherwise undermine the banks of rice fields". Varanus salvator macromaculatus — Southeast Asian Water Monitor Bako National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia — January 25, 2017 In some areas of southeast Asia, these monitors are a common sight scavenging in public parks, much like pigeons (if you ignore the size, shape, lack of feathers, predatory nature, etc. They also live in close proximity to humans on occasion, utilizing swampy regions of farmland, or suburbs with manmade canals. While they prefer living in aquatic habitats, these lizards live in a wide variety of ecosystems. or more. However, they grow much larger throughout life, with males being larger than females. In Thailand, all monitor lizards are protected species. It has been noted that these monitors are not deterred from living in areas of human disturbance. No, this reptile does not make a good pet. [13][15] However, 80 males killed for the leather trade in Sumatra averaged only 3.42 kg (7.5 lb) and 56.6 cm (22.3 in) snout-to-vent and 142 cm (56 in) in total length; 42 females averaged only 3.52 kg (7.8 lb) and 59 cm (23 in) snout-to-vent and 149.6 cm (58.9 in) in total length,[13] although unskinned outsized specimens weighed 16 to 20 kg (35 to 44 lb). [30] The Asian water monitor is one of the most exploited varanids; its skin is used for fashion accessories such as shoes, belts and handbags which are shipped globally, with as many as 1.5 million skins traded annually. In captivity, Asian water monitors' life expectancy has been determined to be anywhere between 11–25 years depending on conditions, in the wild it is considerably shorter. Sep 1, 2017 - Explore Copper Willow's board "water monitors ♡" on Pinterest. Traditionally, Thai villagers lived in two-story houses; the top floor was for living, while the ground floor was designed to be a space for domestic animals such as pigs, chickens, and dogs. [21] Water monitors have been observed eating catfish in a fashion similar to a mammalian carnivore, tearing off chunks of meat with their sharp teeth while holding it with their front legs and then separating different parts of the fish for sequential consumption. Indian Wild Reptilers Monday, January 21, 2008. A common mature weight of V. salvator can be 19.5 kg (43 lb). Indian Water Monitor lizard is one of the largest as well as the heaviest species of lizards, second only to the Komodo Monitors. The Christian Science Monitor - an independent daily newspaper providing context and clarity on national and international news, peoples and cultures, and social trends. With many Wat… [3][23] They have a keen sense of smell and can smell a carcass from far away. I moved closer and waited behind a set of rocks. [13] Their bodies are muscular, with long, powerful, laterally compressed tails. or more. Malayan water monitor preying on dog-faced water snake. Water monitors entered the ground floor and ate or maimed the domestic animals, also hence the other name dtua gin gai (ตัวกินไก่ ‘chicken eater’) or nong chorakae (น้องจระเข้ ‘younger brother of crocodile’, ‘little crocodile’) and even sometimes called ta kuat (ตะกวด), which in fact refers to a Bengal monitor (V. bengalensis), a different species. However, they grow much larger throughout life, with males being larger than females. The larger the female, the more eggs she can produce. Varanoid lizards of the world. I noticed that it had something in its mouth. and some unverified reports exceed 150 lbs. Younger reptiles are much more wary of predators, while larger individuals do not have as much to fear. [34], In Nepal, it is a protected species under the Wild Animals Protection Act of 2002. 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