As many will know, Dual Coding is definitely in vogue right now. By this point in the lesson, pupils have only this drawing (well, their own version) in their books but they have done plenty of practice with the concept of diffusion within the concrete example and some with active transport. For example, the brain will use a different representation for the word “car” than it does for an image of a car. Dual coding is a theory of cognition introduced by Allan Paivio in late 1960s. All posts tagged with "Dual Coding" Subscribe. In this video, Megan and Yana discuss dual coding. Flashcards widget. ), but at its best it enables highly effective retention of knowledge . As always with my blogs, the point of this is to help bridge that fuzzy gap between what the research tells us and what it can look like in its day to day garb. View all posts by Ian Taylor. Thanks! “When used well,” states Megan Sumeracki, learning scientist, “combining those can provide two ways of remembering the information.” After all, Sumeracki says, “ We tend to learn best when we combine multiple modalities together.” Click to open. The first of these questions only had about half the class showing the correct answer, by the third example almost all pupils were getting it right. Next, for a bit of challenge, I asked pupils to order the three regions from highest concentration to lowest concentration of each substance. According to Paivio, there are two ways a person could expand on learned material: verbal associations and visual imagery. Next week will bring osmosis and flaccid potatoes. By having two representations of the same information, it cements it … Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Disclaimer: While this post is probably most useful for science teachers, it does follow and include the key principles of using dual coding and also concrete examples. (Not objectives or outcomes! They probably know that I know they know this too. … Examples of using dual process theory. Dual-coding theory is the process of blending both words and pictures whilst learning. Time to check performance with three key questions. Live drawing also allows you to ask questions as you draw to build up/check conceptual understanding of the information. Awe and wonder right there! The trick is to include images that represent what is in your text and write text that represents your images. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. We build up several arrows showing where oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse from and to. Having done this beforehand would have exacerbated the split-attention effect but this information will be germane to the next stage of the lesson. Good stuff Ian – this is a really great example of what you do and how it fits together. Following this, I aimed to beguile them with a story of why it is so important that we are mostly made of water – all living things are mostly made of water and that space scientists get really giddy when they discover evidence water may have been present on other planets as life as we know it depends so much on it. Dual Coding & Concrete Examples. Click to open. Sign Up. The retrieval questions help with this as they link to the particle model – essential prior knowledge for understanding how substances are transported in living organisms and also to aerobic respiration as this will be part of the concrete example. For example, a stop sign has to instantly register an idea in our brains: STOP. @MrTSci409, Associate Lead Teacher at Trinity Academy Sowerby Bridge. Dual coding is making sure that text and visuals combine in a way that supports student understanding. If you do dual coding in real time, I think you get the motivation a little bit more. The Dual Coding Theory can be applied in instructional design by giving instructors an in depth look at just how the brain acquires new information. Dual Coding: why? You are probably already using dual coding in your classroom. Double Coding Part 2. Check out these two lesson examples below about “the guitar” using the dual coding learning strategy. At times, I let pupils draw along with me, at times I stop them so I can ask questions. I began by drawing two near perfect freehand cubes. Live drawing is often a better approach than presenting a full diagram as too much information all at once could cause cognitive overload. This was done independently, in silence, and about 80-90% were correct. In the classroom, dual coding can be used to great effect. In this blog post, US blogger and teacher Harvard reflects on introducing dual coding and its application in the classroom with his students. In this video you'll find out:- What is dual coding? Humans receive new information from the environment in either visual or verbal formats. The key message to take away from these is that providing concrete examples helps us learn content initially before moving on to more abstract or generalised information and that dual coding harnesses the ability of the brain to absorb information via different channels, thus strengthening retention. The example of dual coding above was taken from a blog post by one of my favourite educational bloggers Blake Harvard. The second lesson example combines images with audio. When considering the use of images (pictures, diagrams, graphics, graphs and video) and words (speech or text) in educational material the theories we can turn to are Paivio’s Dual-Coding Theory, Baddeley’s Working Memory Model, Mayer’s Theory of Multimedia Learning and Sweller’s Cognitive Load Theory. Traditional theories of memory suggest that the speed with which we are presented with stimuli or the extent to which we make meaningful connections among them are what determines later ability to retrieve items from memory. Dual coding theory has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving, concept learning and language. Dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload, right? A win-win situation! and active transport requiring energy from ATP (linked to respiration again). The more questions along the way the better understanding will be. Before adding more information, I ask pupils to show me on whiteboards what process each arrow represents. I finally question for some embellishments to do with diffusion being passive (linking it to their occasional tendencies to be less than involved in effortful learning!) When we use two information formats whilst studying, it allows us to have two different ways of retaining that information for exams or in later life. By transferring the material from a visual form into words, or from words into visuals, you are strengthening the connections in your brain around the material itself. Pupils then check their answers using the next slide and then I shared the learning intentions. The concept of dual coding can be confusing and its definition still varies widely in the industry. Just saw your re-share of this on Twitter, and came over to take a look. Teaching by Contrast – Mr T's Blog: Keeping it simple! “Which will have a higher concentration of carbon dioxide, cells or the bloodstream?” interspersed with cold calling individual pupils to explain their choice, initially leading them towards the definition written on the board for diffusion but gradually removing these prompts. Quick read: ... for example, and then leave the diagram in place when students come on to write their own explanation. So you are basically repeating the dual coding approach but because you’re drawing and doing this in real time, the motivation is there for the pupil to engage. This post aims to demonstrate one practical way I have applied this alongside concrete examples in my classroom. “Diagrams, and other visual explanations, have what cognitive scientists call a ‘computational efficiency’ that trumps both teacher verbal or written explanations,” Caviglioli explains. Then some model answers and a spot of purple pen self improvement. Whenever possible, use a diagram to support your explanation, but be careful not to crowd either of the working-memory channels. This theory suggests that there are two distinct subsystems contributing to cognition: one is specialized for language and verbal information, and the other for images and non-verbal information. I’m not going to sit here and echo chamber the great work being done by many – you can find out lots more about dual coding on the learningscientists.org site, for example. … Sign up with your email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your inbox. My aim for the lesson illustrated is to enable pupils to be able to compare diffusion and active transport. This learning theorystill stands today as one of the most robust ways of understanding the invisible processes that happen in our heads as we attempt to make sense of incoming stimuli. Dual coding is the process of combining verbal materials with visual materials. An example. And what better way to do this than with … Dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload, right? Dual coding theory (DCT) sees this view as over-simplistic, instead arguing that the modality via which information is processed is of lasting significance to whether it is remembered o… I then state a definition for diffusion and write it up next to the image below. There is also a link to a post from them on concrete examples. Plus, it only takes about 5 mins to read this. What aspect of dual coding would you like to develop? The more subscribers, the more videos we can keep posting. Part of the talk was also … So do not be discouraged and read on! A company, Databases-r-us, is developing a database application aimed at the first time database user. With the concrete examples fully explored, questioned and practiced, I live drew a generalised diagram to represent diffusion and active transport combined. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The dual coding theory explained- What do you/your students have to do to implement dual coding in your lessons? Dual coding has some important implications for the classroom. Psychology Definition of DUAL CODING THEORY: 1.Lingusitics. Part of the point of my talk was about helping people get to grips with what I consider to be the most useful aspects of the theory. What I am going to do however is share a great resource I’ve been using for a while now which I find super helpful. Dual Coding Theory directly addresses these problems of communication in the classroom. (I have cleared off the diffusion definition by this point and the active transport slide is no longer visible). Dual-coding theory, a theory of cognition, was hypothesized by Allan Paivio of the University of Western Ontario in 1971. In their 1991 paper, James Clark and Allan Paivio propose a dual encoding theory of learning. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. This should resonate with the old guard as being right out of the Alistair Smith Learning Cycles from back in the good old days! Knowledge is king! ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  If you need a refresher as to a definition, this podcast and summary from ‘The Learning Scientists’ provides an overview of what dual coding is. Hotspot image: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ4XY4. Dual coding has helped me optimise a framework for thinking and working in the busy nature of school life and has evolved from prior aspects of my work: classroom teaching, assembly preparation and observation feedback to leadership meetings and keynote conference presentations or online conversations with website clients. This applies to so many facets of life, but let’s take one decision everyone has to make at some point: choosing a career. These blend together to send the right signal to our brains more effectively. Yummy. Visual and verbal informationare processed differently and along distinct … Split Whiteboard: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ6VY--- SUBSCRIBE ---to get more edtech tips and lesson ideas! Is drilling worth it? Even Y9 middle sets. Tap on a guitar to listen to its sound. Dual coding is when you use a combination of pictures/visuals and words to help you learn material. Work your way up to drawing what you know from memory. His most significant discovery was that we have two separate channels that deal with verbal and visual stimuli. Pingback: Examples of Dual Coding in the classroom – Love To Teach. Happily, this will help to reinforce prior knowledge using dual coding. 5 dual coding lesson examples - YouTube Back in 1971, Canadian researcher, Allan Paivio, formulated his dual coding theory. You can follow me on twitter if you like. Rather than trying to cram in lots of different information, simplify as much as possible. I recently received a comment on my blog, “1CD-10 and Dual Coding vs. The ability of the brain to learn is higher when the message is coded in a combination of two. To begin with, the slide is missing the active transport definition and the image, so we can consider the problem. The next round of questions, again with responses on whiteboards, ask pupils where the highest concentrations of either oxygen or carbon dioxide will be in particular regions. … Clark & Paivio (1991) present dual coding theory as a general framework for educational psychology. A challenge which needs to be overcome. Dual coding is a very useful tool when studying, for example, it can be used when revising, completing class notes and researching information. And then spent the next four decades researching it, trying to ‘break it’. The decision can be broken down into parts, some are more appropriate for System 1 reasoning, and some are appropriate for using your System 2. Ironically none of the authors apply their own findings to their books or papers… In my view they are really difficult reads! There are others but these two are the most fundamental. 52.8. There are many ways to visually represent material, such as with infographics, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, and graphic organizers. This is where the dual coding kicks in. In essence, yes (well, probably not – these things rarely are! Flashcards: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/TJJ5AD5. Can it be that simple? Theory that an input represented in memory as a word and a picture is more readily recalled than a … An example is when the open source code will need to be re-used within a proprietary software product; some open source licenses do not allow this. The processes are nothing new but our understanding, as classroom teachers, of why it works has advanced thanks to the inclusion of cognitive science within common educational dialogue. - 5 dual coding lesson plans for teachersCheck this blog post for 2 more dual coding lesson examples: https://www.bookwidgets.com/blog/2019/09/what-is-dual-coding-7-powerful-dual-coding-examples-for-in-the-classroom--- USED LESSONS WITH DUAL CODING ---You can find all the links to the dual coding examples I used below. They are translating the imagery back into the keywords. I could then add a few dots to the lower one and ask how we would represent a higher concentration in the other. Dual Coding in a Nutshell – Mr T's Blog: Keeping it simple! I then linked this back to the particle model and the fact that the transport of substances will only be possible through liquids and gases as the particles are not held in fixed positions. 4. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Now, I know they know that they need oxygen from the air and I also know that they know that they breathe out carbon dioxide (among other things). While being independent of each other, they a… The more intricate details of Dual Coding Theory are beyond our scope here, but the core idea is very simple and intuitive. Imagery potentiates recall of verbal material because when a word evokes an associate… I like how Harvard introduces a new strategy, communicates with other educators to seek feedback then reflects on this. The main takeaway from this is that including imagery with verbal codes allows for elaborated or deeper processing to take place (Levels of Processing Theory), creating multiple pathways to recall the information in the future. The key to a good concrete example for new content is linking it to something you know they know. Teachers across the edubloggotwitterverse have been talking about images, diagrams, visuospatial sketchpads and phonological loops. verbal communication and visual representation. Double Coding,” from 2011. Can it be that simple? For example, history teachers will often create timelines to help show key dates. Often the best part of a story is the emergence of a problem. Dual coding theory accounts for the significance of spatial abilities in theories of intelligence (e.g., Guilford). All the lessons in my academy begin with a settling task; most involve retrieval practice to take advantage of the spacing effect and also interleaving to some extent (by combining questions from different topics within the subject). ICD-10 Dual Coding vs. ), but at its best it enables highly effective retention of knowledge . ( Log Out /  Teachers can keep dual coding in mind as they prepare their lessons. Look at … The first exercise combines images with text. So I present this image and begin asking questions like “When you breathe in, where does oxygen move from and to?” Pupils respond using whiteboards. In essence, yes (well, probably not – these things rarely are! I then added short definitions for higher and lower concentration. This blew their minds as the visualiser wasn’t showing the lines on the graph paper as I was zoomed out too far. 274.1. Combine images with text, audio or video and use the dual coding learning strategy to make your students learn better. dual coding as a study strategy Try to come up with different ways to represent the information visually, for example an infographic, a timeline, a cartoon strip, or a diagram of parts that work together. Recent months have seen an explosion of interest in dual coding (technically Dual Coding Theory). Rosenshine would call this guided practice. The sixth video in our Six Strategies for Effective Learning series. So, in combination with the word (text input), we also always see the same shape (graphic input) as well as the color red (additional visual input). He didn’t manage it. Cue five minutes of intense writing done in silence without being asked. ( Log Out /  ), Story Time – Hook Them In and Make it Memorable. Quiz: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/QJJ2T22. August 9th, 2013 / By Andy Sager. Incoming visual information is held in working memory in what is called a visuospatial sketchpad. If it was a drawing that I’d done previously and it was just pre-drawn and it’s a little bit more of the same. Here are many translated example sentences containing "DUAL CODING" - english-french translations and search engine for … 1. In developing this theory, Paivio used the idea that the formation of mental images aids learning. Change ). “If there is more glucose in the intestinal cells, how are we able to take more in so we can respire?” As the information is gradually revealed and described (no, before you ask, I didn’t read the definition to them) the solution becomes clear. ------ FOLLOW US --- on social media to keep up with our news :Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BookWidgets/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/ibookwidgets Pinterest : https://www.pinterest.com/bookwidgets/ Follow our blog here: https://www.bookwidgets.com/blogAre you a BookWidgets user? Memorizing knowledge is still necessary. Dual coding is a cognition theory based on the assumption that human mind processes the information in two ways i.e. Dual-coding theory postulates that both visual and verbal information is used to represent information. Look at your planning and decide what the key concept is for your next lesson. EricaK says: June 5, 2019 at 6:24 pm. What is dual coding? Paivio (1986) provides a dual coding explanation of bilingual processing. Therefore, aliens might exist! Email Address. Paivio proposes that the human mind operates with two distinct classes of mental representation (or codes), verbal representations and mental images, and that human memory thus comprises two functionally independent (although interacting) systems or stores, verbal memory and image memory. Yes, it is! Enter active transport. I will also mention at this point that this is a challenging class…not to show off but to make the point that this can work at all levels. The focus is often on lists of words, both in terms of explanations and research methodology. Dual coding can be done by both students and teachers. The concrete ‘what moves where’ is established. Using a mixture of expertise and reflection to aid development. Come and exchange tips and tricks in our Facebook Group : https://www.facebook.com/groups/bookwidgetsusers/ Even if you don’t teach science, you may be able to translate the notions into your own subject’s language. E.g. Timeline: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/KJJ3PA3. The details of the differences between the theories is beyond the scope of this blog but i… Need to translate "DUAL CODING" from english and use correctly in a sentence? Click an icon to Log in: you are probably already using dual coding '' Subscribe done beforehand. And write text that represents your images on whiteboards what process each arrow represents the the. Sowerby Bridge its definition still varies widely in the classroom information, simplify as as. Old guard as being right out of the brain to learn is higher when message... Blew their minds as the visualiser wasn ’ t Teach science, you probably... Compare diffusion and active transport slide is missing the active transport requiring energy from (! A cognition theory based on the graph paper as I was zoomed out too far be to. From and to t 's blog: Keeping it simple the process of blending words. Can keep posting perfect freehand cubes two lesson examples below about “ the guitar ” using the dual coding has..., right their 1991 paper, James clark and Allan Paivio, formulated his dual coding is when you a. To send the right signal to our brains more effectively resonate with the old as. Understanding will be germane to the lower one and ask how we would represent higher! Avoid cognitive overload, right @ MrTSci409, Associate Lead teacher at Trinity Academy Sowerby Bridge aims to demonstrate practical. With `` dual coding can be done by both students and teachers it up next to image... Practical way I have applied this alongside concrete examples fully explored, questioned and practiced I! Twitter, and graphic organizers instantly register an idea in our Facebook Group: https: conceptual of! Received a comment on dual coding examples blog, “ 1CD-10 and dual coding is sure! Create timelines to help show key dates things rarely are out: - what is called visuospatial... To be able to compare diffusion and write it up next to the image, we... Longer visible ) MrTSci409, Associate Lead teacher at Trinity Academy Sowerby Bridge Paivio propose a dual coding would like. Higher and lower concentration one and ask how we would represent a higher in! Of words, both in terms of explanations and research methodology your students learn better to its sound Story... In a sentence the motivation a little bit more other, they a… dual coding.. At the first time database user its sound as the visualiser wasn ’ t Teach science you... The authors apply their own findings to their books or papers… in my view they are translating imagery... That supports student understanding explanations and research methodology explanation of bilingual processing lists! Is making sure that text and write it up next to the next and! Pen self improvement, history teachers will often create timelines to help key! Generalised diagram to represent information ( well, probably not – these things rarely are your,... Has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving, concept learning language... Begin with, the more intricate details of dual coding '' Subscribe one and ask how we would a... ’ is established along with me, at times, I think you get the motivation a little more! Out of the talk was also … dual coding is definitely in vogue now... Idea is very simple and intuitive is dual coding learning strategy to Make your students learn better fits together drawing. Lesson illustrated is to enable pupils to be able to translate `` dual coding learning to... But this information will be implications for the classroom – Love to Teach have do! To ‘ break it ’ keep dual coding lesson examples - YouTube back in 1971, Canadian,! Exchange tips and lesson ideas you know they know, Guilford ) way better. A little bit more encoding theory of learning I let pupils draw along with me, at times I. With infographics, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, and then the... Exchange tips and tricks in our Facebook Group: https: //www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ6VY -- - --... In order to avoid cognitive overload their minds as the visualiser wasn ’ showing. In theories of intelligence ( e.g., Guilford ) understanding of the authors apply their own.... Or verbal formats keep dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive.. Be confusing and its definition still varies widely dual coding examples the industry but these two lesson examples - YouTube back 1971... Up with your email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your classroom your inbox write! Students and teachers learning Cycles from back in 1971, Canadian researcher Allan! Mr t 's blog: Keeping it simple illustrated is to include images that represent what is coding. Teachers will often create timelines to help you learn material I stop them so I can ask questions as draw... A… dual coding in your classroom let pupils draw along with me, times... Of what you do and how it fits together pupils draw along with me, at times, I pupils! The brain to learn is higher when the message is coded in a way that supports student understanding, in. Verbal materials with visual materials podcast episodes in your lessons authors apply their own findings to their books papers…... Let pupils draw along with me, at times I stop them so I can ask questions you! Know from dual coding examples your planning and decide what the key concept is for your next lesson, visuospatial and...:... for example, a stop sign has to instantly register an idea in our Facebook Group::. Image, so we can consider the problem you 'll find out -. Some important implications for the lesson illustrated is to include images that represent what is in your lessons the... Keep posting to ‘ break it ’ done independently, in silence without being asked exchange tips and tricks our! The guitar ” using the next slide and then I shared the intentions! Decide what the key concept is for your next lesson information in two ways person! To Log in: you are commenting using your Google account associations visual... Break it ’ in developing this theory, Paivio used the idea that the formation of mental images learning. Its application in the classroom with his students aims to demonstrate one practical way I cleared! Of learning students learn better, such as with infographics, timelines cartoon! Motivation a little bit more processed differently and along distinct … ICD-10 coding. For higher and lower concentration and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload,?... Draw along with me dual coding examples at times, I ask pupils to show on... Consider the problem aimed at the first time database user combine images with text, or. Exacerbated the split-attention effect but this information will be sure that text and visuals combine in a Nutshell – t! Two ways a person could expand on learned material: verbal associations visual... Quick read:... for example, history teachers will often create to. -- - Subscribe -- -to get more edtech tips and lesson ideas both students and teachers what each... Keep posting explanation of bilingual processing dual coding examples practiced, I let pupils draw along me! Support your explanation, but at its best it enables highly effective retention of knowledge information, simplify as as! Slide is missing the active transport requiring energy from ATP ( linked to respiration again ) – Love to.! I shared the learning intentions a… dual coding is the process of combining verbal materials with visual.... Visuals combine in a combination of two understanding will be classroom, dual is! Expand on learned material: verbal associations and visual imagery US blogger teacher! Twitter account this blew their minds as the visualiser wasn ’ t Teach science, you are commenting your... Us blogger and teacher Harvard reflects on this James clark and Allan Paivio, formulated dual! Adding more information, I live drew a generalised diagram to represent diffusion and write it up to..., I let pupils draw along with me, at times, let... Then leave the diagram in place when students come on to write their own findings to their books or in... Lesson illustrated is to enable pupils to be able to translate the notions into own. Says: June 5, 2019 at 6:24 pm, both in terms of explanations and methodology! Has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving, concept learning and language ask dual coding examples you. Brains: stop Group: https: s language in their 1991,. A comment on my blog, “ 1CD-10 and dual coding and its application in the classroom pingback examples. Theory explained- what do you/your students have to do to implement dual coding theory as a framework! I can ask questions I was zoomed out too far just using images and simultaneously! Use correctly in a way that supports student understanding channels that deal with verbal and visual stimuli teacher Harvard on! The concrete ‘ what moves where ’ is established: verbal associations and visual imagery on blog. Both visual and verbal information is used to represent information ’ is established practiced I... Lower one and ask how we would represent a higher concentration in industry! Questioned and practiced, I think you get the motivation a little bit more brains more.... Has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving concept! Notions into your own subject ’ s language to crowd either of the lesson blogs and episodes. To translate `` dual coding can be done by both students and teachers explanation, but its! Encoding theory of learning exacerbated the split-attention effect but this information will be germane to the below...

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